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Afghanistan: Geography#

LocationSouthern Asia, north and west of Pakistan, east of Iran
Geographic Coordinates33 00 N, 65 00 E 33.0,65.0
Area total: 652,230 sq km
land: 652,230 sq km
water: 0 sq km
We are unable to verify those figures from Factbook, since the 6 main sources we used for checking give different figures as follows:
Factbook: 652230
DBpedia: 647500
Geoname: 647500
Infoplease: 647500
Britannica: 652864
Wolfram: 652230

Attempted Explanation: Please help us to try to explain the discrepancies by sending us helpful information to office@global-geography.org
Land boundariestotal: 5,987 km
border countries: China 91 km, Iran 921 km, Pakistan 2,670 km, Tajikistan 1,357 km, Turkmenistan 804 km, Uzbekistan 144 km
Coastline0 km (landlocked)
Elevation Extremeslowest point: Amu Darya 258 m
highest point: Noshak 7,485 m
Highest MountainsDue to difference in mountain rankings taken from two data sources we are listing here both lists :
According to Wolfram: Noshaq 7492 m; Shachaur 7084 m; Mount Sikaram 4761 m; Kaisargarh 3444 m
According to Geonames: Noshaq 7482 m; Kuh-e Bandaka 6812 m; Koh-e Bandaka 6812 m; Koh-e Tuloksa 6435 m; Sakar Sar 6271 m

Attempted Explanation: Please help us to try to explain the discrepancies by sending us helpful information to office@global-geography.org
Important Mountains
Terrainmostly rugged mountains; plains in north and southwest
Natural Hazardsdamaging earthquakes occur in Hindu Kush mountains; flooding; droughts
Natural Resourcenatural gas, petroleum, coal, copper, chromite, talc, barites, sulfur, lead, zinc, iron ore, salt, precious and semiprecious stones
Land Usearable land: 11.95%
permanent crops: 0.18%
other: 87.87% (2011)
Climatearid to semiarid; cold winters and hot summers
Irrigated Land32,080 sq km (2003)
Renewable Water Resources65.33 cu km (2011)
Environment_CurrentIssueslimited natural freshwater resources; inadequate supplies of potable water; soil degradation; overgrazing; deforestation (much of the remaining forests are being cut down for fuel and building materials); desertification; air and water pollution
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection
signed, but not ratified: Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation
Large CitiesKabul; Qandahar; Mazar-e Sarif; Herat; Jalalabad
Important Cities
Geography-notelandlocked; the Hindu Kush mountains that run northeast to southwest divide the northern provinces from the rest of the country; the highest peaks are in the northern Vakhan (Wakhan Corridor)