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Armenia: Geography#

LocationSouthwestern Asia, between Turkey (to the west) and Azerbaijan
Geographic Coordinates40 00 N, 45 00 E 40.0,45.0
Area total: 29,743 sq km
land: 28,203 sq km
water: 1,540 sq km
[Verified in 8 databases]
Land boundariestotal: 1,570 km
border countries: Azerbaijan 996 km, Georgia 219 km, Iran 44 km, Turkey 311 km
Coastline0 km (landlocked)
Elevation Extremeslowest point: Debed River 400 m
highest point: Aragats Lerrnagagat' 4,090 m
Highest MountainsDue to difference in mountain rankings taken from two data sources we are listing here both lists :
According to Wolfram: Mount Aragats 4090 m
According to Geonames: Aragats Lerrnagagat 4094 m; Azhdahak Lerr 3597 m; Aghdagh Lerr 3576 m; Vardenis Lerr 3522 m; Gora Astkhonk 3470 m

Attempted Explanation: Please help us to try to explain the discrepancies by sending us helpful information to office@global-geography.org
Important Mountains
TerrainArmenian Highland with mountains; little forest land; fast flowing rivers; good soil in Aras River valley
Natural Hazardsoccasionally severe earthquakes; droughts
Natural Resourcesmall deposits of gold, copper, molybdenum, zinc, bauxite
Land Usearable land: 14.47%
permanent crops: 1.8%
other: 83.74% (2011)
Climatehighland continental, hot summers, cold winters
Irrigated Land2,735 sq km (2006)
Renewable Water Resources7.77 cu km (2011)
Environment_CurrentIssuessoil pollution from toxic chemicals such as DDT; the energy crisis of the 1990s led to deforestation when citizens scavenged for firewood; pollution of Hrazdan (Razdan) and Aras Rivers; the draining of Sevana Lich (Lake Sevan), a result of its use as a source for hydropower, threatens drinking water supplies; restart of Metsamor nuclear power plant in spite of its location in a seismically active zone
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants
Large CitiesYerevan; Gyumri; Vanadzor; Vagharshapat; Hrazdan
Important Cities
Geography-notelandlocked in the Lesser Caucasus Mountains; Sevana Lich (Lake Sevan) is the largest lake in this mountain range
Important Rivers