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Armenia: People & Society#

Population3,051,250 (July 2016 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Armenian(s)
adjective: Armenian
Ethnic groupsArmenian 98.1%, Yezidi (Kurd) 1.1%, other 0.7% (2011 est.)
LanguagesArmenian (official) 97.9%, Kurdish (spoken by Yezidi minority) 1%, other 1% (2011 est.)
ReligionsArmenian Apostolic 92.6%, Evangelical 1%, other 2.4%, none 1.1%, unspecified 2.9% (2011 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 19% (male 308,701/female 271,028)
15-24 years: 13.58% (male 213,203/female 201,291)
25-54 years: 43.46% (male 640,070/female 685,958)
55-64 years: 12.96% (male 180,700/female 214,834)
65 years and over: 10.99% (male 134,330/female 201,135) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 41.3%
youth dependency ratio: 26%
elderly dependency ratio: 15.3%
potential support ratio: 6.5% (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 34.6 years
male: 32.8 years
female: 36.5 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate-0.18% (2016 est.)
Birth rate13.3 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate9.4 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate-5.7 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Population distributionmost of the population is located in the northern half of the country; the capital of Yerevan is home to more than three times as many people as the second largest city in the country
Urbanizationurban population: 62.7% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: -0.11% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major urban areas - populationYEREVAN (capital) 1,044 (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.13 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.14 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.93 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.84 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.67 male(s)/female
total population: 0.94 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth24.1 (2013 est.)
Maternal mortality rate25 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 13.1 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 14.5 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 11.5 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 74.6 years
male: 71.4 years
female: 78.3 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate1.64 children born/woman (2016 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate54.9% (2010)
Health expenditures4.5% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density2.7 physicians/1,000 population (2013)
Hospital bed density3.9 beds/1,000 population (2012)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 96.2% of population
rural: 78.2% of population
total: 89.5% of population
unimproved:
urban: 3.8% of population
rural: 21.8% of population
total: 10.5% of population (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.2% (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS3,600 (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths100 (2015 est.)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate19.9% (2014)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight5.3% (2010)
Education expenditures2.8% of GDP (2015)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.7%
male: 99.7%
female: 99.6% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 12 years
male: 11 years
female: 14 years (2009)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 19,596
percentage: 4%

note: data represent children ages 7-17 (2007 est.)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 36.1%
male: 31.8%
female: 41.5% (2013 est.)