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Bangladesh: People & Society#

Population156,186,882 (July 2016 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Bangladeshi(s)
adjective: Bangladeshi
Ethnic groupsBengali at least 98%, ethnic groups 1.1%
note: Bangladesh's government recognizes 27 ethnic groups under the 2010 Cultural Institution for Small Anthropological Groups Act; other sources estimate there are about 75 ethnic groups; critics of the 2011 census claim that it underestimates the size of Bangladesh's ethnic population (2011 est.)
LanguagesBangla 98.8% (official, also known as Bengali), other 1.2% (2011 est.)
ReligionsMuslim 89.1%, Hindu 10%, other 0.9% (includes Buddhist, Christian) (2013 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 28.27% (male 22,456,564/female 21,695,491)
15-24 years: 19.53% (male 15,261,363/female 15,247,635)
25-54 years: 39.39% (male 29,565,250/female 31,951,537)
55-64 years: 6.77% (male 5,232,828/female 5,342,822)
65 years and over: 6.04% (male 4,493,557/female 4,939,835) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 52.5%
youth dependency ratio: 44.9%
elderly dependency ratio: 7.6%
potential support ratio: 13.2% (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 26.3 years
male: 25.6 years
female: 26.9 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate1.05% (2016 est.)
Birth rate19 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate5.3 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate-3.1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 34.3% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 3.55% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major urban areas - populationDHAKA (capital) 17.598 million; Chittagong 4.539 million; Khulna 1.022 million; Rajshahi 844,000 (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.04 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.93 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.97 male(s)/female
total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth18.5
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2014 est.)
Maternal mortality rate176 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 32.9 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 35.2 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 30.4 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 73.2 years
male: 71 years
female: 75.4 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate2.19 children born/woman (2016 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate61.2% (2011)
Health expenditures2.8% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density0.36 physicians/1,000 population (2011)
Hospital bed density0.6 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 86.5% of population
rural: 87% of population
total: 86.9% of population
unimproved:
urban: 13.5% of population
rural: 13% of population
total: 13.1% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 57.7% of population
rural: 62.1% of population
total: 60.6% of population
unimproved:
urban: 42.3% of population
rural: 37.9% of population
total: 39.4% of population (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.01% (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS9,600 (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths900 (2015 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria are high risks in some locations
water contact disease: leptospirosis
animal contact disease: rabies (2016)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate3.3% (2014)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight32.6% (2014)
Education expenditures2.2% of GDP (2015)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 61.5%
male: 64.6%
female: 58.5% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 10 years
male: 10 years
female: 10 years (2011)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 4,485,497
percentage: 13% (2006 est.)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 8.7%
male: 8.3%
female: 9.2% (2010 est.)