unbekannter Gast

Burma: People & Society#

Population56,890,418
note: estimates for this country take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2016 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Burmese (singular and plural)
adjective: Burmese
Ethnic groupsBurman 68%, Shan 9%, Karen 7%, Rakhine 4%, Chinese 3%, Indian 2%, Mon 2%, other 5%
LanguagesBurmese (official)
note: minority ethnic groups have their own languages
ReligionsBuddhist 87.9%, Christian 6.2%, Muslim 4.3%, Animist 0.8%, Hindu 0.5%, other 0.2%, none 0.1%
note: religion estimate is based on the 2014 national census, including an estimate for the non-enumerated population of Rakhine State, which is assumed to mainly affiliate with the Islamic faith (2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 25.77% (male 7,476,436/female 7,183,049)
15-24 years: 17.73% (male 5,109,120/female 4,978,572)
25-54 years: 43.54% (male 12,326,900/female 12,442,398)
55-64 years: 7.49% (male 2,003,593/female 2,256,146)
65 years and over: 5.47% (male 1,353,723/female 1,760,481) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 49.1%
youth dependency ratio: 41.1%
elderly dependency ratio: 8%
potential support ratio: 12.5% (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 28.6 years
male: 28 years
female: 29.3 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate1% (2016 est.)
Birth rate18.2 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate7.9 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate-0.3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 34.1% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 2.49% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major urban areas - populationRANGOON (Yangon) (capital) 4.802 million; Mandalay 1.167 million; Nay Pyi Taw 1.03 million (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.89 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.77 male(s)/female
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth21.8
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2007 est.)
Maternal mortality rate178 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 42.2 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 48.3 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 35.7 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 66.6 years
male: 64.2 years
female: 69.2 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate2.15 children born/woman (2016 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate46% (2009/10)
Health expenditures2.3% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density0.61 physicians/1,000 population (2012)
Hospital bed density0.6 beds/1,000 population (2006)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 92.7% of population
rural: 74.4% of population
total: 80.6% of population
unimproved:
urban: 7.3% of population
rural: 25.6% of population
total: 19.4% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 84.3% of population
rural: 73.9% of population
total: 77.4% of population
unimproved:
urban: 15.7% of population
rural: 26.1% of population
total: 22.6% of population (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.76% (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS224,800 (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths9,700 (2015 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever, malaria, and Japanese encephalitis
water contact disease: leptospirosis
animal contact disease: rabies (2016)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate2.9% (2014)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight22.6% (2010)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 93.1%
male: 95.2%
female: 91.2% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 8 years
male: NA
female: NA (2007)