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Japan: People & Society#

Population126,702,133 (July 2016 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Japanese (singular and plural)
adjective: Japanese
Ethnic groupsJapanese 98.5%, Koreans 0.5%, Chinese 0.4%, other 0.6%
note: up to 230,000 Brazilians of Japanese origin migrated to Japan in the 1990s to work in industries; some have returned to Brazil (2004)
LanguagesJapanese
ReligionsShintoism 79.2%, Buddhism 66.8%, Christianity 1.5%, other 7.1%
note: total adherents exceeds 100% because many people practice both Shintoism and Buddhism (2012 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 12.97% (male 8,472,869/female 7,963,782)
15-24 years: 9.67% (male 6,436,935/female 5,813,222)
25-54 years: 37.68% (male 23,593,194/female 24,145,406)
55-64 years: 12.4% (male 7,867,611/female 7,840,141)
65 years and over: 27.28% (male 15,080,738/female 19,488,235) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 64.5%
youth dependency ratio: 21.1%
elderly dependency ratio: 43.3%
potential support ratio: 2.3% (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 46.9 years
male: 45.6 years
female: 48.3 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate-0.19% (2016 est.)
Birth rate7.8 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate9.6 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 93.5% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 0.56% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major urban areas - populationTOKYO (capital) 38.001 million; Osaka-Kobe 20.238 million; Nagoya 9.406 million; Kitakyushu-Fukuoka 5.51 million; Shizuoka-Hamamatsu 3.369 million; Sapporo 2.571 million (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.11 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.77 male(s)/female
total population: 0.94 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth30.3 (2012 est.)
Maternal mortality rate5 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 2 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 2.3 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 1.8 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 85 years
male: 81.7 years
female: 88.5 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate1.41 children born/woman (2016 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate54.3%
note: percent of women aged 20-49 (2005)
Health expenditures10.2% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density2.3 physicians/1,000 population (2010)
Hospital bed density13.7 beds/1,000 population (2009)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rateNA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDSNA
HIV/AIDS - deathsNA
Obesity - adult prevalence rate3.5% (2014)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight3.4% (2010)
Education expenditures3.8% of GDP (2014)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 15 years
male: 15 years
female: 15 years (2013)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 5.9%
male: 6.4%
female: 5.4% (2014 est.)