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North Korea: People & Society#

Population25,115,311 (July 2016 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Korean(s)
adjective: Korean
Ethnic groupsracially homogeneous; there is a small Chinese community and a few ethnic Japanese
LanguagesKorean
Religionstraditionally Buddhist and Confucianist, some Christian and syncretic Chondogyo (Religion of the Heavenly Way)
note: autonomous religious activities now almost nonexistent; government-sponsored religious groups exist to provide illusion of religious freedom
Age structure0-14 years: 20.97% (male 2,678,638/female 2,588,744)
15-24 years: 15.88% (male 2,009,360/female 1,977,942)
25-54 years: 44.22% (male 5,567,682/female 5,537,077)
55-64 years: 9.19% (male 1,090,739/female 1,218,406)
65 years and over: 9.74% (male 840,003/female 1,606,720) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 44.3%
youth dependency ratio: 30.5%
elderly dependency ratio: 13.8%
potential support ratio: 7.3% (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 33.8 years
male: 32.3 years
female: 35.4 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate0.53% (2016 est.)
Birth rate14.6 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate9.3 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 60.9% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 0.75% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major urban areas - populationPYONGYANG (capital) 2.863 million (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.9 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.53 male(s)/female
total population: 0.94 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Maternal mortality rate82 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 22.9 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 25.4 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 20.2 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 70.4 years
male: 66.6 years
female: 74.5 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate1.96 children born/woman (2016 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate70.6%
note: percent of women aged 20-49 (2010)
Hospital bed density13.2 beds/1,000 population (2012)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 99.9% of population
rural: 99.4% of population
total: 99.7% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0.1% of population
rural: 0.6% of population
total: 0.3% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 87.9% of population
rural: 72.5% of population
total: 81.9% of population
unimproved:
urban: 12.1% of population
rural: 27.5% of population
total: 18.1% of population (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rateNA
HIV/AIDS - deathsNA
Obesity - adult prevalence rate2.5% (2014)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight15.2% (2012)
Education expendituresNA
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 100%
male: 100%
female: 100% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 12 years
male: 12 years
female: 12 years (2009)