unbekannter Gast

Kuwait: Economy#

Kuwait has a geographically small, but wealthy, relatively open economy with crude oil reserves of about 102 billion barrels - more than 6% of world reserves. Kuwaiti officials plan to increase oil production to 4 million barrels per day by 2020. Petroleum accounts for over half of GDP, 94% of export revenues, and 90% of government income.

In 2015, Kuwait, for the first time in 15 years, realized a budget deficit after decades of high oil prices. Kuwaiti authorities have tried to reduce the deficit by decreasing spending on subsidies for the local population, but with limited success. Despite Kuwait’s dependence on oil, the government has cushioned itself against the impact of lower oil prices, by saving annually at least 10% of government revenue in the Fund for Future Generations.

Kuwait has failed to diversify its economy or bolster the private sector, because of a poor business climate, a large public sector that crowds out private employment of Kuwaiti nationals, and an acrimonious relationship between the National Assembly and the executive branch that has stymied most economic reforms. The Kuwaiti Government has made little progress on its long-term economic development plan first passed in 2010. While the government planned to spend up to $104 billion over four years to diversify the economy, attract more investment, and boost private sector participation in the economy, many of the projects did not materialize because of an uncertain political situation.

Economic Facts#

GDP (purchasing power parity)$301.1 billion (2016 est.)
$293.7 billion (2015 est.)
$290.4 billion (2014 est.)
note: data are in 2016 dollars
GDP (official exchange rate)$110.5 billion (2015 est.)
GDP - real growth rate2.5% (2016 est.)
1.1% (2015 est.)
0.6% (2014 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP)$71,300 (2016 est.)
$71,500 (2015 est.)
$72,600 (2014 est.)
note: data are in 2016 dollars
Gross national saving27.2% of GDP (2016 est.)
31.6% of GDP (2015 est.)
50.2% of GDP (2014 est.)
GDP - composition, by end usehousehold consumption: 47.6%
government consumption: 27.2%
investment in fixed capital: 29.5%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 47.8%
imports of goods and services: -52.1% (2016 est.)
GDP - composition, by sector of originagriculture: 0.4%
industry: 59.6%
services: 40% (2016 est.)
Agriculture - productsfish
Industriespetroleum, petrochemicals, cement, shipbuilding and repair, water desalination, food processing, construction materials
Industrial production growth rate1.6% (2016 est.)
Labor force2.546 million
note: non-Kuwaitis represent about 60% of the labor force (2016 est.)
Labor force - by occupationagriculture: NA%
industry: NA%
services: NA%
Unemployment rate3% (2016 est.)
3% (2015 est.)
Population below poverty lineNA%
Household income or consumption by percentage sharelowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Budgetrevenues: $47.14 billion
expenditures: $65.32 billion (2016 est.)
Taxes and other revenues42.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)-16.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
Public debt23.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
10.5% of GDP (2015 est.)
Fiscal year1 April - 31 March
Inflation rate (consumer prices)3.3% (2016 est.)
3.3% (2015 est.)
Central bank discount rate1.25% (31 December 2010)
3% (31 December 2009)
Commercial bank prime lending rate4.6% (31 December 2016 est.)
4.3% (31 December 2015 est.)
Stock of narrow money$30.98 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$30.95 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Stock of broad money$114.8 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
$116 billion (31 December 2014 est.)
Stock of domestic credit$102.9 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$98.46 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Market value of publicly traded shares$99.77 billion (31 December 2014 est.)
$100.9 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
$119.6 billion (31 December 2010 est.)
Current account balance$3.939 billion (2016 est.)
$5.97 billion (2015 est.)
Exports$43.84 billion (2016 est.)
$55.32 billion (2015 est.)
Exports - commoditiesoil and refined products, fertilizers
Exports - partnersSouth Korea 14.5%, China 12.1%, India 12.1%, Japan 10.4%, US 7.6%, Pakistan 5.9%, Singapore 4.3% (2015)
Imports$28.32 billion (2016 est.)
$27.34 billion (2015 est.)
Imports - commoditiesfood, construction materials, vehicles and parts, clothing
Imports - partnersChina 13.2%, US 9.6%, Saudi Arabia 7.7%, Japan 6.5%, Germany 5.1%, France 4.3%, India 4.2% (2015)
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold$28.72 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$28.37 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Debt - external$47.89 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$36.3 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home$12.39 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$12.16 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad$73.65 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$69.6 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Exchange ratesKuwaiti dinars (KD) per US dollar -
0.3024 (2016 est.)
0.3009 (2015 est.)
0.3009 (2014 est.)
0.2845 (2013 est.)
0.28 (2012 est.)