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Lebanon: People & Society#

Population6,237,738 (July 2016 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Lebanese (singular and plural)
adjective: Lebanese
Ethnic groupsArab 95%, Armenian 4%, other 1%
note: many Christian Lebanese do not identify themselves as Arab but rather as descendants of the ancient Canaanites and prefer to be called Phoenicians
LanguagesArabic (official), French, English, Armenian
ReligionsMuslim 54% (27% Sunni, 27% Shia), Christian 40.5% (includes 21% Maronite Catholic, 8% Greek Orthodox, 5% Greek Catholic, 6.5% other Christian), Druze 5.6%, very small numbers of Jews, Baha'is, Buddhists, Hindus, and Mormons
note: 18 religious sects recognized (2012 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 24.65% (male 786,842/female 750,449)
15-24 years: 16.73% (male 534,040/female 509,663)
25-54 years: 44.44% (male 1,401,857/female 1,370,462)
55-64 years: 7.54% (male 220,020/female 250,288)
65 years and over: 6.64% (male 181,627/female 232,490) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 47.3%
youth dependency ratio: 35.4%
elderly dependency ratio: 12%
potential support ratio: 8.3% (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 29.9 years
male: 29.3 years
female: 30.5 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate0.85% (2016 est.)
Birth rate14.4 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate4.9 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate-1.1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Population distributionthe majority of the people live on or near the Mediterranean coast, and of these most live in and around the capital, Beirut; favorable growing conditions in the Bekaa Valley, on the southeastern side of the Lebanon Mountains, have attracted farmers and thus the area exhibits a smaller population density
Urbanizationurban population: 87.8% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 3.18% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major urban areas - populationBEIRUT (capital) 2.226 million (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.88 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.79 male(s)/female
total population: 1 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Maternal mortality rate15 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 7.6 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 8 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 7.1 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 77.6 years
male: 76.3 years
female: 78.9 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate1.73 children born/woman (2016 est.)
Health expenditures6.4% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density3.2 physicians/1,000 population (2011)
Hospital bed density3.5 beds/1,000 population (2012)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 99% of population
rural: 99% of population
total: 99% of population
unimproved:
urban: 1% of population
rural: 1% of population
total: 1% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 80.7% of population
rural: 80.7% of population
total: 80.7% of population
unimproved:
urban: 19.3% of population
rural: 19.3% of population
total: 19.3% of population (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.06% (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS2,400 (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths100 (2015 est.)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate30.8% (2014)
Education expenditures2.6% of GDP (2013)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 93.9%
male: 96%
female: 91.8% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 12 years
male: 12 years
female: 12 years (2013)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 22.1%
male: 22.3%
female: 21.5% (2007 est.)