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Russia: Culture#

World Heritage#

Nobel Prize Winners (30)#

Here persons are counted for the country they born in or if their affiliation is with this country.
NameCategoryYearMotivation
Alexei A. AbrikosovPhysics2003"for pioneering contributions to the theory of superconductors and superfluids"
Martti AhtisaariPeace2008"for his important efforts, on several continents and over more than three decades, to resolve international conflicts"
Zhores I. AlferovPhysics2000"for developing semiconductor heterostructures used in high-speed- and opto-electronics"
Nicolay Gennadiyevich BasovPhysics1964"for fundamental work in the field of quantum electronics, which has led to the construction of oscillators and amplifiers based on the maser-laser principle"
Joseph BrodskyLiterature1987"for an all-embracing authorship, imbued with clarity of thought and poetic intensity"
Ivan Alekseyevich BuninLiterature1933"for the strict artistry with which he has carried on the classical Russian traditions in prose writing"
Pavel Alekseyevich CherenkovPhysics1958"for the discovery and the interpretation of the Cherenkov effect"
Il´ja Mikhailovich FrankPhysics1958"for the discovery and the interpretation of the Cherenkov effect"
Andre GeimPhysics2010"for groundbreaking experiments regarding the two-dimensional material graphene"
Vitaly L. GinzburgPhysics2003"for pioneering contributions to the theory of superconductors and superfluids"
Mikhail Sergeyevich GorbachevPeace1990"for his leading role in the peace process which today characterizes important parts of the international community"
Leonid HurwiczEconomics2007"for having laid the foundations of mechanism design theory"
Leonid Vitaliyevich KantorovichEconomics1975"for their contributions to the theory of optimum allocation of resources"
Pyotr Leonidovich KapitsaPhysics1978"for his basic inventions and discoveries in the area of low-temperature physics"
Paul KarrerChemistry1937"for his investigations on carotenoids, flavins and vitamins A and B2"
Lev Davidovich LandauPhysics1962"for his pioneering theories for condensed matter, especially liquid helium"
Wassily LeontiefEconomics1973"for the development of the input-output method and for its application to important economic problems"
Fritz Albert LipmannMedicine1953"for his discovery of co-enzyme A and its importance for intermediary metabolism"
Konstantin NovoselovPhysics2010"for groundbreaking experiments regarding the two-dimensional material graphene"
Boris Leonidovich PasternakLiterature1958"for his important achievement both in contemporary lyrical poetry and in the field of the great Russian epic tradition"
Ivan Petrovich PavlovMedicine1904"in recognition of his work on the physiology of digestion, through which knowledge on vital aspects of the subject has been transformed and enlarged"
Ilya PrigogineChemistry1977"for his contributions to non-equilibrium thermodynamics, particularly the theory of dissipative structures"
Aleksandr Mikhailovich ProkhorovPhysics1964"for fundamental work in the field of quantum electronics, which has led to the construction of oscillators and amplifiers based on the maser-laser principle"
Andrei Dmitrievich SakharovPeace1975
Nikolay Nikolaevich SemenovChemistry1956"for their researches into the mechanism of chemical reactions"
Mikhail Aleksandrovich SholokhovLiterature1965"for the artistic power and integrity with which, in his epic of the Don, he has given expression to a historic phase in the life of the Russian people"
Aleksandr Isayevich SolzhenitsynLiterature1970"for the ethical force with which he has pursued the indispensable traditions of Russian literature"
Igor Yevgenyevich TammPhysics1958"for the discovery and the interpretation of the Cherenkov effect"
Otto WallachChemistry1910"in recognition of his services to organic chemistry and the chemical industry by his pioneer work in the field of alicyclic compounds"
Wilhelm WienPhysics1911"for his discoveries regarding the laws governing the radiation of heat"