unbekannter Gast

Russia: People & Society#

Population142,355,415 (July 2016 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Russian(s)
adjective: Russian
Ethnic groupsRussian 77.7%, Tatar 3.7%, Ukrainian 1.4%, Bashkir 1.1%, Chuvash 1%, Chechen 1%, other 10.2%, unspecified 3.9%
note: nearly 200 national and/or ethnic groups are represented in Russia's 2010 census (2010 est.)
LanguagesRussian (official) 85.7%, Tatar 3.2%, Chechen 1%, other 10.1%
note: data represent native language spoken (2010 est.)
ReligionsRussian Orthodox 15-20%, Muslim 10-15%, other Christian 2% (2006 est.)
note: estimates are of practicing worshipers; Russia has large populations of non-practicing believers and non-believers, a legacy of over seven decades of Soviet rule; Russia officially recognizes Orthodox Christianity, Islam, Judaism, and Buddhism as traditional religions
Age structure0-14 years: 16.94% (male 12,385,281/female 11,726,473)
15-24 years: 9.71% (male 7,071,489/female 6,754,928)
25-54 years: 45.16% (male 31,528,258/female 32,753,350)
55-64 years: 14.27% (male 8,727,233/female 11,591,221)
65 years and over: 13.92% (male 6,152,252/female 13,664,930) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 43.1%
youth dependency ratio: 24%
elderly dependency ratio: 19.1%
potential support ratio: 5.2% (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 39.3 years
male: 36.4 years
female: 42.3 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate-0.06% (2016 est.)
Birth rate11.3 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate13.6 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate1.7 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Population distributionpopulation is heavily concentrated in the westernmost fifth of the country extending from the Baltic Sea, south to the Caspian Sea, and eastward parallel to the Kazakh border; elsewhere, sizeable pockets are isolated and generally found in the south
Urbanizationurban population: 74% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: -0.13% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major urban areas - populationMOSCOW (capital) 12.166 million; Saint Petersburg 4.993 million; Novosibirsk 1.497 million; Yekaterinburg 1.379 million; Nizhniy Novgorod 1.212 million; Samara 1.164 million (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.96 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.75 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.45 male(s)/female
total population: 0.86 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth24.6 (2009 est.)
Maternal mortality rate25 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 6.9 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 7.7 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 6 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 70.8 years
male: 65 years
female: 76.8 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate1.61 children born/woman (2016 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate68%
note: percent of women aged 15-44 (2011)
Health expenditures7.1% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density4.31 physicians/1,000 population (2006)
Hospital bed density9.7 beds/1,000 population (2006)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 98.9% of population
rural: 91.2% of population
total: 96.9% of population
unimproved:
urban: 1.1% of population
rural: 8.8% of population
total: 3.1% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 77% of population
rural: 58.7% of population
total: 72.2% of population
unimproved:
urban: 23% of population
rural: 41.3% of population
total: 27.8% of population (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rateNA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDSNA
HIV/AIDS - deathsNA
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: intermediate
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea
vectorborne diseases: tickborne encephalitis (2016)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate26.2% (2014)
Education expenditures3.9% of GDP (2012)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.7%
male: 99.7%
female: 99.6% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 15 years
male: 15 years
female: 15 years (2014)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 13.7%
male: 13.3%
female: 14.1% (2014 est.)