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Turkey: Geography#

LocationSoutheastern Europe and Southwestern Asia (that portion of Turkey west of the Bosporus is geographically part of Europe), bordering the Black Sea, between Bulgaria and Georgia, and bordering the Aegean Sea and the Mediterranean Sea, between Greece and Syria
Geographic Coordinates39 00 N, 35 00 E 39.0,35.0
Area total: 783,562 sq km
land: 769,632 sq km
water: 13,930 sq km
We are unable to verify those figures from Factbook, since the 6 main sources we used for checking give different figures as follows:
Factbook: 783562
DBpedia: 783562
Geoname: 780580
Infoplease: 780580
Britannica: 785347
Wolfram: 783562

Attempted Explanation: Please help us to try to explain the discrepancies by sending us helpful information to office@global-geography.org
Land boundariestotal: 2,656 km
border countries: Armenia 268 km, Azerbaijan 17 km, Bulgaria 240 km, Georgia 252 km, Greece 206 km, Iran 499 km, Iraq 352 km, Syria 822 km
Coastline7,200 km
Elevation Extremeslowest point: Mediterranean Sea 0 m
highest point: Mount Ararat 5,166 m
Highest MountainsDue to difference in mountain rankings taken from two data sources we are listing here both lists :
According to Wolfram: Mount Ararat 5165 m; Suphan Dagi 4434 m; Kaçkar 3942 m; Erciyes 3917 m; Demirkazik 3756 m
According to Geonames: Mount Ararat 5165 m; Süphan Dagi 4058 m; Kaçkar Dagi 3932 m; Erciyes Dagi 3917 m; Mihtepe 3717 m

Attempted Explanation: Please help us to try to explain the discrepancies by sending us helpful information to office@global-geography.org
Important Mountains
Terrainhigh central plateau (Anatolia); narrow coastal plain; several mountain ranges
Natural Hazardssevere earthquakes, especially in northern Turkey, along an arc extending from the Sea of Marmara to Lake Van volcanism: limited volcanic activity; its three historically active volcanoes; Ararat, Nemrut Dagi, and Tendurek Dagi have not erupted since the 19th century or earlier
Natural Resourcecoal, iron ore, copper, chromium, antimony, mercury, gold, barite, borate, celestite (strontium), emery, feldspar, limestone, magnesite, marble, perlite, pumice, pyrites (sulfur), clay, arable land, hydropower
Land Usearable land: 26.21%
permanent crops: 3.94%
other: 69.84% (2011)
Climatetemperate; hot, dry summers with mild, wet winters; harsher in interior
Irrigated Land53,400 sq km (2012)
Renewable Water Resources211.6 cu km (2011)
Environment_CurrentIssueswater pollution from dumping of chemicals and detergents; air pollution, particularly in urban areas; deforestation; concern for oil spills from increasing Bosporus ship traffic
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Air Pollution, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: Environmental Modification
Large CitiesIstanbul; Ankara; Izmir; Bursa; Adana
Important Cities
Geography-notestrategic location controlling the Turkish Straits (Bosporus, Sea of Marmara, Dardanelles) that link Black and Aegean Seas; Mount Ararat, the legendary landing place of Noah's ark, is in the far eastern portion of the country
Important Lakes