unbekannter Gast

Turkey: People & Society#

Population80,274,604 (July 2016 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Turk(s)
adjective: Turkish
Ethnic groupsTurkish 70-75%, Kurdish 19%, other minorities 7-12% (2016 est.)
LanguagesTurkish (official), Kurdish, other minority languages
ReligionsMuslim 99.8% (mostly Sunni), other 0.2% (mostly Christians and Jews)
Age structure0-14 years: 25.08% (male 10,303,153/female 9,833,713)
15-24 years: 16.11% (male 6,605,634/female 6,329,921)
25-54 years: 43.15% (male 17,541,137/female 17,094,141)
55-64 years: 8.36% (male 3,335,021/female 3,374,965)
65 years and over: 7.3% (male 2,603,655/female 3,253,264) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 49.7%
youth dependency ratio: 38.4%
elderly dependency ratio: 11.3%
potential support ratio: 8.9% (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 30.5 years
male: 30.1 years
female: 31 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate0.9% (2016 est.)
Birth rate16 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate5.9 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate-1.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Population distributionthe most densely populated area is found around the Bosporus in the northwest where 20% of the population lives in Istanbul; with the exception of Ankara, urban centers remain small and scattered throughout the interior of Anatolia; an overall pattern of peripheral development exists, particularly along the western Mediterranean coast, and the Tigris and Euphrates River systems in the southeast
Urbanizationurban population: 73.4% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 1.97% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major urban areas - populationIstanbul 14.164 million; ANKARA (capital) 4.75 million; Izmir 3.04 million; Bursa 1.923 million; Adana 1.83 million; Gaziantep 1.528 million (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.8 male(s)/female
total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth22.3 (2010 est.)
Maternal mortality rate16 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 18.2 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 19.4 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 16.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 74.8 years
male: 72.5 years
female: 77.3 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate2.03 children born/woman (2016 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate73% (2008)
Health expenditures5.4% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density1.71 physicians/1,000 population (2011)
Hospital bed density2.5 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 98.3% of population
rural: 85.5% of population
total: 94.9% of population
unimproved:
urban: 1.7% of population
rural: 14.5% of population
total: 5.1% of population (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rateNA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDSNA
HIV/AIDS - deathsNA
Obesity - adult prevalence rate29.4% (2014)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight1.9% (2014)
Education expenditures4.8% of GDP (2013)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 95%
male: 98.4%
female: 91.8% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 16 years
male: 17 years
female: 16 years (2013)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 321,866
percentage: 3%

note: data represent children ages 6-14 (2006 est.)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 17.8%
male: 16.6%
female: 20.2% (2014 est.)