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Uzbekistan: Geography#

LocationCentral Asia, north of Turkmenistan, south of Kazakhstan
Geographic Coordinates41 00 N, 64 00 E 41.0,64.0
Area total: 447,400 sq km
land: 425,400 sq km
water: 22,000 sq km
[Verified in 8 databases]
Land boundariestotal: 6,221 km
border countries: Afghanistan 137 km, Kazakhstan 2,203 km, Kyrgyzstan 1,099 km, Tajikistan 1,161 km, Turkmenistan 1,621 km
Coastline0 km (doubly landlocked); note - Uzbekistan includes the southern portion of the Aral Sea with a 420 km shoreline
Elevation Extremeslowest point: Sariqamish Kuli -12 m
highest point: Adelunga Toghi 4,301 m
Highest MountainsDue to difference in mountain rankings taken from two data sources we are listing here both lists :
According to Wolfram: Khazret Sultan 4643 m; Mount Adelung 4301 m; Mount Beshtor 4299 m
According to Geonames: Xo‘japiryox Tog‘ 4425 m; Gora Kyzylnura 3267 m; Ungartep Tog' 1956 m; Gora Karatag 1350 m; Gora Charantayak 1055 m

Attempted Explanation: Please help us to try to explain the discrepancies by sending us helpful information to office@global-geography.org
Important Mountains
Terrainmostly flat-to-rolling sandy desert with dunes; broad, flat intensely irrigated river valleys along course of Amu Darya, Syr Darya (Sirdaryo), and Zarafshon; Fergana Valley in east surrounded by mountainous Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan; shrinking Aral Sea in west
Natural HazardsNA
Natural Resourcenatural gas, petroleum, coal, gold, uranium, silver, copper, lead and zinc, tungsten, molybdenum
Land Usearable land: 9.61%
permanent crops: 0.8%
other: 89.58% (2011)
Climatemostly midlatitude desert, long, hot summers, mild winters; semiarid grassland in east
Irrigated Land41,980 sq km (2005)
Renewable Water Resources48.87 cu km (2011)
Environment_CurrentIssuesshrinkage of the Aral Sea has resulted in growing concentrations of chemical pesticides and natural salts; these substances are then blown from the increasingly exposed lake bed and contribute to desertification and respiratory health problems; water pollution from industrial wastes and the heavy use of fertilizers and pesticides is the cause of many human health disorders; increasing soil salination; soil contamination from buried nuclear processing and agricultural chemicals, including DDT
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Large CitiesTashkent; Namangan; Samarkand; Andijon; Buxoro
[Verified]
Important Cities
Geography-notealong with Liechtenstein, one of the only two doubly landlocked countries in the world