unbekannter Gast

Uzbekistan: People & Society#

Population29,473,614 (July 2016 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Uzbekistani
adjective: Uzbekistani
Ethnic groupsUzbek 80%, Russian 5.5%, Tajik 5%, Kazakh 3%, Karakalpak 2.5%, Tatar 1.5%, other 2.5% (1996 est.)
LanguagesUzbek (official) 74.3%, Russian 14.2%, Tajik 4.4%, other 7.1%
note: in the Karakalpakstan Republic, both the Karakalpak language and Uzbek have official status
ReligionsMuslim 88% (mostly Sunni), Eastern Orthodox 9%, other 3%
Age structure0-14 years: 24.22% (male 3,658,960/female 3,480,659)
15-24 years: 19.22% (male 2,874,982/female 2,790,128)
25-54 years: 43.95% (male 6,444,288/female 6,510,741)
55-64 years: 7.54% (male 1,049,876/female 1,171,369)
65 years and over: 5.06% (male 637,408/female 855,203) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 49.7%
youth dependency ratio: 42.7%
elderly dependency ratio: 7%
potential support ratio: 14.3% (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 28.1 years
male: 27.6 years
female: 28.7 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate0.93% (2016 est.)
Birth rate16.9 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate5.3 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate-2.3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Population distributionmost of the population is concentrated in the fertile Fergana Valley in the easternmost arm of the country; the south has significant clusters of people, while the central and western deserts are sparsely populated
Urbanizationurban population: 36.4% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 1.45% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major urban areas - populationTASHKENT (capital) 2.251 million (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.9 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.74 male(s)/female
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth23.4 (2013 est.)
Maternal mortality rate36 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 18.6 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 22.1 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 14.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 73.8 years
male: 70.7 years
female: 77 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate1.78 children born/woman (2016 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate64.9% (2006)
Health expenditures5.8% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density2.53 physicians/1,000 population (2013)
Hospital bed density4.4 beds/1,000 population (2010)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 98.5% of population
rural: 80.9% of population
total: 87.3% of population
unimproved:
urban: 1.5% of population
rural: 19.1% of population
total: 12.7% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.15% (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS32,700 (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths2,600 (2015 est.)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate14.3% (2014)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight4.4% (2006)
Education expendituresNA
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.6%
male: 99.7%
female: 99.5% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 12 years
male: 12 years
female: 12 years (2011)