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Nauru: People & Society#

Population9,591 (July 2016 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Nauruan(s)
adjective: Nauruan
Ethnic groupsNauruan 58%, other Pacific Islander 26%, Chinese 8%, European 8%
LanguagesNauruan 93% (official, a distinct Pacific Island language), English 2% (widely understood, spoken, and used for most government and commercial purposes), other 5% (includes I-Kiribati 2% and Chinese 2%)
note: percentages represent main language spoken at home; Nauruan is spoken by 95% of the population, English by 66%, and other languages by 12% (2011 est.)
ReligionsProtestant 60.4% (includes Nauru Congregational 35.7%, Assembly of God 13%, Nauru Independent Church 9.5%, Baptist 1.5%, and Seventh Day Adventist 0.7%), Roman Catholic 33%, other 3.7%, none 1.8%, unspecified 1.1% (2011 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 31.93% (male 1,336/female 1,726)
15-24 years: 16.09% (male 779/female 764)
25-54 years: 43.33% (male 2,085/female 2,071)
55-64 years: 6.29% (male 236/female 367)
65 years and over: 2.37% (male 89/female 138) (2016 est.)
Median agetotal: 26.1 years
male: 26.5 years
female: 25.5 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate0.52% (2016 est.)
Birth rate24.4 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate5.9 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate-13.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 100% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 0.19% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 0.83 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 0.77 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.64 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.63 male(s)/female
total population: 0.89 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth22.1
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2007 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 7.9 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 10.2 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 6.1 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 67.1 years
male: 63 years
female: 70.5 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate2.84 children born/woman (2016 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate35.6% (2007)
Health expenditures3.3% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density0.71 physicians/1,000 population (2010)
Hospital bed density5 beds/1,000 population (2010)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 96.5% of population
total: 96.5% of population
unimproved:
urban: 3.5% of population
total: 3.5% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 65.6% of population
total: 65.6% of population
unimproved:
urban: 34.4% of population
total: 34.4% of population (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rateNA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDSNA
HIV/AIDS - deathsNA
Obesity - adult prevalence rate45.1% (2014)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight4.8% (2007)
Education expendituresNA
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 9 years
male: 9 years
female: 10 years (2008)