unbekannter Gast

Solomon Islands: People & Society#

Population635,027 (July 2016 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Solomon Islander(s)
adjective: Solomon Islander
Ethnic groupsMelanesian 95.3%, Polynesian 3.1%, Micronesian 1.2%, other 0.3% (2009 est.)
LanguagesMelanesian pidgin (in much of the country is lingua franca), English (official but spoken by only 1%-2% of the population), 120 indigenous languages
ReligionsProtestant 73.4% (Church of Melanesia 31.9%, South Sea Evangelical 17.1%, Seventh Day Adventist 11.7%, United Church 10.1%, Christian Fellowship Church 2.5%), Roman Catholic 19.6%, other Christian 2.9%, other 4%, none 0.03%, unspecified 0.1% (2009 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 35.13% (male 114,871/female 108,229)
15-24 years: 20.01% (male 65,349/female 61,702)
25-54 years: 36.12% (male 116,795/female 112,564)
55-64 years: 4.55% (male 14,565/female 14,302)
65 years and over: 4.2% (male 12,701/female 13,949) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 75.1%
youth dependency ratio: 69.1%
elderly dependency ratio: 5.9%
potential support ratio: 16.8% (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 22.2 years
male: 22 years
female: 22.4 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate1.98% (2016 est.)
Birth rate25.3 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate3.8 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate-1.7 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 22.3% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 4.25% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major urban areas - populationHONIARA (capital) 73,000 (2014)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.92 male(s)/female
total population: 1.04 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth21.6
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2006/07 est.)
Maternal mortality rate114 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 15.2 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 17.3 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 12.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 75.3 years
male: 72.7 years
female: 78.1 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate3.22 children born/woman (2016 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate34.6% (2006/07)
Health expenditures5.1% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density0.22 physicians/1,000 population (2009)
Hospital bed density1.3 beds/1,000 population (2012)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 93.2% of population
rural: 77.2% of population
total: 80.8% of population
unimproved:
urban: 6.8% of population
rural: 22.8% of population
total: 19.2% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 81.4% of population
rural: 15% of population
total: 29.8% of population
unimproved:
urban: 18.6% of population
rural: 85% of population
total: 70.2% of population (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rateNA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDSNA
HIV/AIDS - deathsNA
Obesity - adult prevalence rate25% (2014)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight11.5% (2007)
Education expenditures10% of GDP (2010)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 84.1%
male: 88.9%
female: 79.2% (2009 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 9 years
male: 10 years
female: 9 years (2007)