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Vanuatu: Government#

Country nameconventional long form: Republic of Vanuatu
conventional short form: Vanuatu
local long form: Ripablik blong Vanuatu
local short form: Vanuatu
former: New Hebrides
CapitalPort-Vila (on Efate) Port-Vila (on Efate)
geographic coordinates: 17 44 S, 168 19 E
time difference: UTC+11 (16 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
Administrative divisions6 provinces; Malampa, Penama, Sanma, Shefa, Tafea, Torba
Constitutioneffective 30 July 1980; amended 1981, 1983, 1988 (2006)
Executive branchchief of state: President Iolu Johnson ABBIL (since 3 September 2009)
head of government: Prime Minister Joe NATUMAN (since 14 May 2014)
cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the prime minister, responsible to parliament
elections: president elected for a five-year term by an electoral college consisting of parliament and the presidents of the regional councils; election for president last held on 2 September 2009 (next to be held in 2014); following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or majority coalition usually elected prime minister by parliament from among its members; election for prime minister last held on 23 March 2013 (next to be held following general elections in 2016)
election results: Iolu Johnson ABBIL elected president, with 41 votes out of 58, on the third ballot on 2 September 2009; Joe NATUMAN elected prime minister following a no confidence vote against the government of Moana CARCASSES Kalosil on 15 May 2014
Flag descriptiontwo equal horizontal bands of red (top) and green with a black isosceles triangle (based on the hoist side) all separated by a black-edged yellow stripe in the shape of a horizontal Y (the two points of the Y face the hoist side and enclose the triangle); centered in the triangle is a boar's tusk encircling two crossed namele fern fronds, all in yellow; red represents the blood of boars and men, green the richness of the islands, and black the ni-Vanuatu people; the yellow Y-shape - which reflects the pattern of the islands in the Pacific Ocean - symbolizes the light of the Gospel spreading through the islands; the boar's tusk is a symbol of prosperity frequently worn as a pendant on the islands; the fern fronds represent peace
Independence30 July 1980 (from France and the UK)
Judicial branchhighest court(s): Supreme Court (consists of a chief justice and 3 judges); note - appeals from the Supreme Court are considered by the Court of Appeal, constituted by 2 or more judges of the Supreme Court sitting together
judge selection and term of office: Supreme Court chief justice appointed by the president after consultation with the prime minister and the leader of the opposition; other judges are appointed by the president on the advice of the Judicial Service Commission, a 4-member advisory body; judges appointed until age of retirement
subordinate courts: magistrates' courts; island courts
Legal systemmixed legal system of English common law, French law, and customary law
Legislative branchunicameral Parliament (52 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)
elections: last held on 30 October 2012 (next to be held in 2016)
election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - VP 8, PPP 6, UMP 5, GJP 4, NUP 4, IG 3, GC 3, NAG 3, RMC 3, MPP 2, NIPDP 2, PSP 1, VLDP 1, VNP 1, VPDP 1, VRP 1, and independent 4; note - political party associations are fluid
note: the National Council of Chiefs advises on matters of culture and language
International organization participationACP, ADB, AOSIS, C, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, IOC, IOM, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), MIGA, NAM, OAS (observer), OIF, OPCW, PIF, Sparteca, SPC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU (NGOs), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
National holidayIndependence Day, 30 July (1980)
Political pressure groups and leadersNA
Political parties and leadersGreens Confederation or GC (Moana CARCASSES Kalosil)
Iauko Group or IG (NA)
Land and Justice Party (Graon mo Jastis Pati) or GJP (Ralph REGENVANU)
Melanesian Progressive Party or MPP (Barak SOPE)
Nagriamel movement or NAG (NA)
Natatok Indigenous People's Democratic Party or (NATATOK) or NIPDP (Alfred Roland CARLOT)
National United Party or NUP (Ham LINI)
People's Progressive Party or PPP (Sato KILMAN)
People's Service Party or PSP (Don KEN)
Reunification of Movement for Change or RMC (Charlot SALWAI)
Union of Moderate Parties or UMP (Serge VOHOR)
Vanua'aku Pati (Our Land Party) or VP (Edward NATAPEI)
Vanuatu Democratic Party (Maxime Carlot KORMAN)
Vanuatu Liberal Democratic Party or VLDP (Tapangararua WILLIE)
Vanuatu National Party or VNP (Issac HAMARILIU)
Vanuatu Progressive Development Party or VPDP (Robert Bohn SIKOL)
Vanuatu Republican Party or VRP (Marcellino PIPITE)
Suffrage18 years of age; universal
Government typeparliamentary republic
Diplomatic representation in the USVanuatu does not have an embassy in the US; it does, however, have a Permanent Mission to the UN
National anthemname: "Yumi, Yumi, Yumi" (We, We, We)
lyrics/music: Francois Vincent AYSSAV
note: adopted 1980, the anthem is written in Bislama, a Creole language that mixes Pidgin English and French
International law organization participationhas not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; accepts ICCt jurisdiction
National symbol(s)boar's tusk
Diplomatic representation from the USthe US does not have an embassy in Vanuatu; the US ambassador to Papua New Guinea, currently Ambassador Walter E. North, is accredited to Vanuatu