unbekannter Gast

Belgium: People & Society#

Population11,409,077 (July 2016 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Belgian(s)
adjective: Belgian
Ethnic groupsFlemish 58%, Walloon 31%, mixed or other 11%
LanguagesDutch (official) 60%, French (official) 40%, German (official) less than 1%
ReligionsRoman Catholic 75%, other (includes Protestant) 25%
Age structure0-14 years: 17.12% (male 1,000,155/female 952,529)
15-24 years: 11.47% (male 667,760/female 640,364)
25-54 years: 40.25% (male 2,315,256/female 2,277,308)
55-64 years: 12.76% (male 720,823/female 735,225)
65 years and over: 18.4% (male 911,199/female 1,188,458) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 54.2%
youth dependency ratio: 26.1%
elderly dependency ratio: 28.1%
potential support ratio: 3.6% (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 41.4 years
male: 40.2 years
female: 42.7 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate0.73% (2016 est.)
Birth rate11.4 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate9.7 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate5.6 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Population distributionmost of the population concentrated in the northern two-thirds of the country; the southeast is more thinly populated; considered to have one of the highest population densities in the world; approximately 97% live in urban areas
Urbanizationurban population: 97.9% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 0.48% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major urban areas - populationBRUSSELS (capital) 2.045 million; Antwerp 994,000 (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.76 male(s)/female
total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth28.2 (2010 est.)
Maternal mortality rate7 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 3.4 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 3.8 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 3 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 81 years
male: 78.4 years
female: 83.7 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate1.78 children born/woman (2016 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate70.4%
note: percent of women aged 18-49 (2008/10)
Health expenditures10.6% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density3.78 physicians/1,000 population (2010)
Hospital bed density6.5 beds/1,000 population (2012)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 99.5% of population
rural: 99.4% of population
total: 99.5% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0.5% of population
rural: 0.6% of population
total: 0.5% of population (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rateNA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDSNA
HIV/AIDS - deathsNA
Obesity - adult prevalence rate22.1% (2014)
Education expenditures6.4% of GDP (2011)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 20 years
male: 19 years
female: 21 years (2014)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 23.2%
male: 24%
female: 22.3% (2014 est.)