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Bosnia and Herzegovina: People & Society#

Population3,861,912 (July 2016 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Bosnian(s), Herzegovinian(s)
adjective: Bosnian, Herzegovinian
Ethnic groupsBosniak 50.1%, Serb 30.8%, Croat 15.4%, other 2.7%, not declared/no answer 1%
note: the methodology remains disputed and Republika Srspka authorities refuse to recognize the results; Bosniak has replaced Muslim as an ethnic term in part to avoid confusion with the religious term Muslim - an adherent of Islam (2013 est.)
LanguagesBosnian (official) 52.9%, Serbian (official) 30.8%, Croatian (official) 14.6%, other 1.6%, no answer 0.2% (2013 est.)
ReligionsMuslim 50.7%, Orthodox 30.7%, Roman Catholic 15.2%, atheist 0.8%, agnostic 0.3%, other 1.2%, undeclared/no answer 1.1% (2013 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 13.36% (male 266,389/female 249,425)
15-24 years: 11.97% (male 238,682/female 223,599)
25-54 years: 46.2% (male 896,760/female 887,407)
55-64 years: 14.43% (male 267,628/female 289,464)
65 years and over: 14.05% (male 212,574/female 329,984) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 40.7%
youth dependency ratio: 19%
elderly dependency ratio: 21.7%
potential support ratio: 4.6% (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 41.7 years
male: 40.2 years
female: 43.1 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate-0.14% (2016 est.)
Birth rate8.8 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate9.9 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate-0.4 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Population distributionthe northern and central areas of the country are the most densely populated
Urbanizationurban population: 39.8% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 0.14% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major urban areas - populationSARAJEVO (capital) 318,000 (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.07 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.92 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.64 male(s)/female
total population: 0.95 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth26.7 (2013 est.)
Maternal mortality rate11 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 5.6 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 5.7 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 5.5 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 76.7 years
male: 73.7 years
female: 80 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate1.28 children born/woman (2016 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate45.8% (2011/12)
Health expenditures9.6% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density1.93 physicians/1,000 population (2013)
Hospital bed density3.5 beds/1,000 population (2010)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 99.7% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 99.9% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0.3% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0.1% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 98.9% of population
rural: 92% of population
total: 94.8% of population
unimproved:
urban: 1.1% of population
rural: 8% of population
total: 5.2% of population (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rateNA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDSNA
HIV/AIDS - deathsNA
Obesity - adult prevalence rate19.2% (2014)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight1.5% (2012)
Education expendituresNA
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 98.5%
male: 99.5%
female: 97.5% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 14 years
male: 14 years
female: 15 years (2014)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 24,722
percentage: 5% (2006 est.)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 62.8%
male: 62.8%
female: 62.8% (2012 est.)