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Bulgaria: Geography#

LocationSoutheastern Europe, bordering the Black Sea, between Romania and Turkey
Geographic Coordinates43 00 N, 25 00 E 43.0,25.0
Area total: 110,879 sq km
land: 108,489 sq km
water: 2,390 sq km
[Verified in 8 databases]
Land boundariestotal: 1,806 km
border countries: Greece 472 km, Macedonia 162 km, Romania 605 km, Serbia 344 km, Turkey 223 km
Coastline354 km
Elevation Extremeslowest point: Black Sea 0 m
highest point: Musala 2,925 m
Highest MountainsDue to difference in mountain rankings taken from two data sources we are listing here both lists :
According to Wolfram: Musala 2925 m; Vihren 2915 m; Kutelo 2908 m; Malka Musala 2902 m; Banski Suhodol 2884 m
According to Geonames: Musala 2925 m; Polezhan 2851 m; Mal’ovitsa 2729 m; Botev 2376 m; Vitosha 2290 m

Attempted Explanation: Please help us to try to explain the discrepancies by sending us helpful information to office@global-geography.org
Important Mountains
Terrainmostly mountains with lowlands in north and southeast
Natural Hazardsearthquakes; landslides
Natural Resourcebauxite, copper, lead, zinc, coal, timber, arable land
Land Usearable land: 29.28%
permanent crops: 1.44%
other: 69.28% (2011)
Climatetemperate; cold, damp winters; hot, dry summers
Irrigated Land1,046 sq km (2007)
Renewable Water Resources21.3 cu km (2011)
Environment_CurrentIssuesair pollution from industrial emissions; rivers polluted from raw sewage, heavy metals, detergents; deforestation; forest damage from air pollution and resulting acid rain; soil contamination from heavy metals from metallurgical plants and industrial wastes
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 85, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Large CitiesSofia; Plovdiv; Varna; Burgas; Ruse
Important Cities
Geography-notestrategic location near Turkish Straits; controls key land routes from Europe to Middle East and Asia
Important Rivers
Important Lakes