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Czech Republic: People & Society#

Population10,644,842 (July 2016 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Czech(s)
adjective: Czech
Ethnic groupsCzech 64.3%, Moravian 5%, Slovak 1.4%, other 1.8%, unspecified 27.5% (2011 est.)
LanguagesCzech (official) 95.4%, Slovak 1.6%, other 3% (2011 census)
ReligionsRoman Catholic 10.4%, Protestant (includes Czech Brethren and Hussite) 1.1%, other and unspecified 54%, none 34.5% (2011 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 15.09% (male 826,005/female 782,470)
15-24 years: 9.89% (male 542,433/female 511,941)
25-54 years: 43.79% (male 2,396,550/female 2,271,974)
55-64 years: 12.73% (male 658,784/female 698,782)
65 years and over: 18.5% (male 817,550/female 1,154,443) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 49.5%
youth dependency ratio: 22.5%
elderly dependency ratio: 27%
potential support ratio: 3.7% (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 41.7 years
male: 40.4 years
female: 43 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate0.14% (2016 est.)
Birth rate9.5 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate10.4 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate2.3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Population distributiona fairly even distribution throughout most of the country, but the northern and eastern regions tend to have larger urban concentrations
Urbanizationurban population: 73% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 0.35% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major urban areas - populationPRAGUE (capital) 1.314 million (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.94 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.7 male(s)/female
total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth28.1 (2013 est.)
Maternal mortality rate4 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 2.6 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 2.8 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 2.5 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 78.6 years
male: 75.7 years
female: 81.8 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate1.45 children born/woman (2016 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate86.3%
note: percent of women aged 18-49 (2008)
Health expenditures7.4% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density3.71 physicians/1,000 population (2010)
Hospital bed density6.8 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 99.1% of population
rural: 99.2% of population
total: 99.1% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0.9% of population
rural: 0.8% of population
total: 0.9% of population (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.05% (2013 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS3,400 (2013 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deathsfewer than 100 (2013 est.)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate29.1% (2014)
Education expenditures4.1% of GDP (2013)
Literacydefinition: NA
total population: 99%
male: 99%
female: 99% (2011 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 17 years
male: 16 years
female: 18 years (2014)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 15.9%
male: 15%
female: 17.1% (2014 est.)