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Hungary: People & Society#

Population9,874,784 (July 2016 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Hungarian(s)
adjective: Hungarian
Ethnic groupsHungarian 85.6%, Roma 3.2%, German 1.9%, other 2.6%, unspecified 14.1%
note: percentages add up to more than 100% because respondents were able to identify more than one ethnic group (2011 est.)
LanguagesHungarian (official) 99.6%, English 16%, German 11.2%, Russian 1.6%, Romanian 1.3%, French 1.2%, other 4.2%
note: shares sum to more than 100% because some respondents gave more than one answer on the census; Hungarian is the mother tongue of 98.9% of Hungarian speakers (2011 est.)
ReligionsRoman Catholic 37.2%, Calvinist 11.6%, Lutheran 2.2%, Greek Catholic 1.8%, other 1.9%, none 18.2%, unspecified 27.2% (2011 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 14.76% (male 750,516/female 706,780)
15-24 years: 11.19% (male 570,097/female 534,856)
25-54 years: 41.74% (male 2,071,865/female 2,049,939)
55-64 years: 13.66% (male 620,362/female 728,387)
65 years and over: 18.65% (male 693,609/female 1,148,373) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 47.9%
youth dependency ratio: 21.5%
elderly dependency ratio: 26.3%
potential support ratio: 3.8% (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 41.8 years
male: 39.9 years
female: 44.1 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate-0.24% (2016 est.)
Birth rate9.1 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate12.8 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate1.3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Population distributiona fairly even distribution throughout most of the country, with urban areas attracting larger and denser populations
Urbanizationurban population: 71.2% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 0.47% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major urban areas - populationBUDAPEST (capital) 1.714 million (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.85 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.6 male(s)/female
total population: 0.91 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth28.2 (2013 est.)
Maternal mortality rate17 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 5 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 5.2 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 4.7 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 75.9 years
male: 72.2 years
female: 79.8 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate1.44 children born/woman (2016 est.)
Health expenditures7.4% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density3.1 physicians/1,000 population (2012)
Hospital bed density7.2 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 97.8% of population
rural: 98.6% of population
total: 98% of population
unimproved:
urban: 2.2% of population
rural: 1.4% of population
total: 2% of population (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rateNA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDSNA
HIV/AIDS - deaths100 (2013 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: intermediate
vectorborne diseases: tickborne encephalitis (2016)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate26% (2014)
Education expenditures4.2% of GDP (2013)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.1%
male: 99.1%
female: 99% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 16 years
male: 15 years
female: 16 years (2014)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 20.4%
male: 20%
female: 20.9% (2014 est.)