unbekannter Gast

Italy: People & Society#

Population62,007,540 (July 2016 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Italian(s)
adjective: Italian
Ethnic groupsItalian (includes small clusters of German-, French-, and Slovene-Italians in the north and Albanian-Italians and Greek-Italians in the south)
LanguagesItalian (official), German (parts of Trentino-Alto Adige region are predominantly German speaking), French (small French-speaking minority in Valle d'Aosta region), Slovene (Slovene-speaking minority in the Trieste-Gorizia area)
ReligionsChristian 80% (overwhelmingly Roman Catholic with very small groups of Jehovah's Witnesses and Protestants), Muslim (about 800,000 to 1 million), atheist and agnostic 20%
Age structure0-14 years: 13.69% (male 4,337,792/female 4,151,901)
15-24 years: 9.74% (male 3,026,359/female 3,012,882)
25-54 years: 42.46% (male 13,003,171/female 13,326,901)
55-64 years: 12.73% (male 3,826,630/female 4,069,855)
65 years and over: 21.37% (male 5,696,612/female 7,555,437) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 56.5%
youth dependency ratio: 21.5%
elderly dependency ratio: 35.1%
potential support ratio: 2.9% (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 45.1 years
male: 44 years
female: 46.2 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate0.23% (2016 est.)
Birth rate8.7 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate10.3 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate3.9 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Population distributiondespite a distinctive pattern with an industrial north and an agrarian south, a fairly even population distribution exists throughout most of the country, with coastal areas, the Po River Valley, and urban centers (particularly Milan, Rome, and Naples), attracting larger and denser populations
Urbanizationurban population: 69% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 0.39% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major urban areas - populationROME (capital) 3.718 million; Milan 3.099 million; Naples 2.202 million; Turin 1.765 million; Palermo 853,000; Bergamo 840,000 (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.94 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.75 male(s)/female
total population: 0.93 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth30.3 (2011 est.)
Maternal mortality rate4 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 3.3 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 3.5 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 3.1 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 82.2 years
male: 79.6 years
female: 85 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate1.43 children born/woman (2016 est.)
Health expenditures9.2% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density3.76 physicians/1,000 population (2012)
Hospital bed density3.4 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 99.5% of population
rural: 99.6% of population
total: 99.5% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0.5% of population
rural: 0.4% of population
total: 0.5% of population (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.37% (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS136,800 (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths700 (2015 est.)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate23.7% (2014)
Education expenditures4.2% of GDP (2013)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.2%
male: 99.4%
female: 99% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 16 years
male: 16 years
female: 17 years (2013)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 42.7%
male: 41.3%
female: 44.7% (2014 est.)