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Luxembourg: People & Society#

Population582,291 (July 2016 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Luxembourger(s)
adjective: Luxembourg
Ethnic groupsLuxembourger 54.1%, Portuguese 16.4%, French 7%, Italian 3.5%, Belgian 3.3%, German 2.3%, British 1.1%, other 12.3%
note: represents population by nationality (2015 est.)
LanguagesLuxembourgish (official administrative and judicial language and national language (spoken vernacular)) 88.8%, French (official administrative, judicial, and legislative language) 4.2%, Portuguese 2.3%, German (official administrative and judicial language) 1.1%, other 3.5% (2011 est.)
ReligionsRoman Catholic 87%, other (includes Protestant, Jewish, and Muslim) 13% (2000)
Age structure0-14 years: 16.82% (male 50,445/female 47,525)
15-24 years: 12.26% (male 36,578/female 34,788)
25-54 years: 44.34% (male 132,434/female 125,748)
55-64 years: 11.63% (male 34,321/female 33,379)
65 years and over: 14.95% (male 38,614/female 48,459) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 43.7%
youth dependency ratio: 23.6%
elderly dependency ratio: 20.1%
potential support ratio: 5% (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 39.2 years
male: 38.6 years
female: 39.9 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate2.05% (2016 est.)
Birth rate11.4 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate7.3 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate16.3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Population distributionmost people live in the south, on or near the border with France
Urbanizationurban population: 90.2% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 1.71% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major urban areas - populationLUXEMBOURG (capital) 107,000 (2014)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.79 male(s)/female
total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth30.2 (2012 est.)
Maternal mortality rate10 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 3.4 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 3.8 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 3 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 82.3 years
male: 79.8 years
female: 84.9 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate1.61 children born/woman (2016 est.)
Health expenditures6.6% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density2.9 physicians/1,000 population (2013)
Hospital bed density5.4 beds/1,000 population (2010)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 97.5% of population
rural: 98.5% of population
total: 97.6% of population
unimproved:
urban: 2.5% of population
rural: 1.5% of population
total: 2.4% of population (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rateNA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDSNA
HIV/AIDS - deathsNA
Obesity - adult prevalence rate24.8% (2014)
Education expenditures4.1% of GDP (2012)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 14 years
male: 14 years
female: 14 years (2012)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 22.6%
male: 26.1%
female: 18.1% (2014 est.)