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Moldova: Government#

Country nameconventional long form: Republic of Moldova
conventional short form: Moldova
local long form: Republica Moldova
local short form: Moldova
former: Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic, Moldovan Soviet Socialist Republic
etymology: named for the Moldova River in neighboring eastern Romania
Government typeparliamentary republic
CapitalChisinau in Romanian (Kishinev in Russian) Chisinau in Romanian (Kishinev in Russian)
geographic coordinates: 47 00 N, 28 51 E
time difference: UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October

note: pronounced KEE-shee-now (KIH-shi-nyov)
Administrative divisions32 raions (raioane, singular - raion), 3 municipalities (municipii, singular - municipiul), 1 autonomous territorial unit (unitatea teritoriala autonoma), and 1 territorial unit (unitatea teritoriala)raions: Anenii Noi, Basarabeasca, Briceni, Cahul, Cantemir, Calarasi, Causeni, Cimislia, Criuleni, Donduseni, Drochia, Dubasari, Edinet, Falesti, Floresti, Glodeni, Hincesti, Ialoveni, Leova, Nisporeni, Ocnita, Orhei, Rezina, Riscani, Singerei, Soldanesti, Soroca, Stefan-Voda, Straseni, Taraclia, Telenesti, Ungheni
municipalities: Balti, Bender, Chisinau
autonomous territorial unit: Gagauzia
territorial unit: Stinga Nistrului (Transnistria)
Independence27 August 1991 (from the Soviet Union)
National holidayIndependence Day, 27 August (1991)
Constitutionhistory: previous 1978; latest adopted 29 July 1994, effective 27 August 1994
amendments: proposed by voter petition (at least 200,000 eligible voters), by one-third of Parliament members, or by the government; passage requires two-thirds majority vote of Parliament within one year of initial proposal; revisions to constitutional articles on sovereignty, independence, and neutrality require majority vote by referendum; articles on fundamental rights and freedoms cannot be amended; amended several times, last in 2010; note – in early 2016, a Moldovan Constitutional Court decision allowed for direct presidential elections, reversing a constitutional amendment allowing Parliament to select the president (2016)
Legal systemcivil law system with Germanic law influences; Constitutional Court review of legislative acts
International law organization participationhas not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; accepts ICCt jurisdiction
Citizenshipcitizenship by birth: no
citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Moldova
dual citizenship recognized: no
residency requirement for naturalization: 10 years
Suffrage18 years of age; universal
Executive branchchief of state: President Igor DODON (since 23 December 2016)
head of government: Prime Minister Pavel FILIP (since 20 January 2016)
cabinet: Cabinet proposed by the prime minister-designate, nominated by the president, approved through a vote of confidence in Parliament
elections/appointments: president directly elected for a 4-year term (eligible for a second term); election last held on 13 November 2016 (next to be held in fall 2020); prime minister designated by the president upon consultation with Parliament; within 15 days from designation, the prime minister-designate must request a vote of confidence for his/her proposed work program from the Parliament
election results: Igor DODON elected president; percent of vote - Igor DODON (Socialist Party) 52.2%, Maia SANDU (Action and Solidarity Party) 47.8%; Pavel FILIP (Democratic Party) designated prime minister; Parliament vote - 57 of 101
Legislative branchdescription: unicameral Parliament (101 seats; members directly elected in a single, nationwide constituency by proportional representation vote to serve 4-year terms)
elections: last held on 30 November 2014 (next to be held in November 2018)
election results: percent of vote by party - PSRM 20.5%, PLDM 20.2%, PCRM 17.5%, PDM 15.8%, PL 9.7%, other 16.3%; seats by party - PSRM 25, PLDM 23, PCRM 21, PDM 19, PL 13
Judicial branchhighest court(s): Supreme Court of Justice (consists of a chief judge, 3 deputy-chief judges, 45 judges, and 7 assistant judges); Constitutional Court (consists of the court president and 6 judges); note - the Constitutional Court is autonomous to the other branches of government; the Court interprets the Constitution and reviews the constitutionality of parliamentary laws and decisions, decrees of the president, and acts of the government
judge selection and term of office: Supreme Court of Justice judges appointed by Parliament upon the recommendation of the Supreme Council of the Magistracy; all judges serve 4-year renewable terms; Constitutional Court judges appointed 2 each by Parliament, the Moldovan president, and the Higher Council of Magistracy; court president elected by other court judges for a 3-year term; other judges appointed for 6-year terms
subordinate courts: Courts of Appeal; Court of Business Audit; municipal courts
Political parties and leadersrepresented in Parliament:
Communist Party of the Republic of Moldova or PCRM (Vladimir VORONIN)
Democratic Party of Moldova or PDM (Marian LUPU)
Liberal Democratic Party of Moldova or PLDM (Valeriu STRELET, acting)
Liberal Party or PL (Mihai GHIMPU)
Socialist Party of the Republic of Moldova or PSRM (Zinaida GRECEANII, acting)
not represented in Parliament:
Action and Solidarity Party or PAS (Maia SANDU)
Anti-Mafia Movement or MPA (Sergiu MOCANU)
Centrist Union of Moldova or UCM (Mihai PETRACHE)
Christian Democratic People's Party or PPCD (Iurie ROSCA)
Conservative Party or PC (Natalia NIRCA)
Democracy at Home Party or PPDA (Vasile COSTIUC)
Democratic Action Party or PAD (Mihai GODEA)
Dignity and Truth Platform or PDA (Andrei NASTASE)
Ecologist Green Party or PVE (Anatolie PROHNITCHI)
European People’s Party of Moldova or EPPM (Iurie LEANCA)
Popular Democratic Party of Moldova or PPDM (Valeriu PASAT)
Labor Party or PM (Marcel DARIE)
Liberal Reformers Party or PLR (Ion HADARCA)
"Motherland" Party or PP (Emilian CIOBU)
National Liberal Party or PNL (Vitalia PAVLICENKO)
Our Home Moldova or PCNM (Grigore PETRENCO)
Our Party or PN (Renato USATII)
People’s Party of Moldova or PPRM (Alexandru OLEINIC)
Progressive Society Party or PSP (Oleg MATVEI)
Regions Party of Moldova or PRM (Alexandr KALININ)
"Right" Party or PD (Ana GUTU)
Russian-Slavean Party of Moldova or PRSM (Oleg TOPOLNITKI)
Shor Party or PS (Ilan SHOR)
Social Democratic Party or PSD (Victor SELIN)
Social-Political Movement "New Force" or MFN (Valeriu PLESCA)
Socialist People’s Party of Moldova or PPSM (Victor STEPANIUC)
United Moldova Party or PMUEM (Vladimir TURCAN)
Political pressure groups and leadersNA
International organization participationBSEC, CD, CE, CEI, CIS, EAEC (observer), EAPC, EBRD, FAO, GCTU, GUAM, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC (NGOs), ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO (correspondent), ITU, ITUC (NGOs), MIGA, OIF, OPCW, OSCE, PFP, SELEC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, Union Latina, UNMIL, UNMISS, UNOCI, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
Diplomatic representation in the USchief of mission: Ambassador (vacant); Charge d'Affaires Veaceslav PITUSCAN (since 26 August 2015)
chancery: 2101 S Street NW, Washington, DC 20008
telephone: (1) (202) 667-1130
FAX: (1) (202) 667-1204
Diplomatic representation from the USchief of mission: Ambassador James D. PETTIT (since 29 January 2015)
embassy: 103 Mateevici Street, Chisinau MD-2009
mailing address: use embassy street address
telephone: (373) (22) 40-8300
FAX: (373) (22) 23-3044
Flag descriptionthree equal vertical bands of blue (hoist side), yellow, and red; emblem in center of flag is of a Roman eagle of gold outlined in black with a red beak and talons carrying a yellow cross in its beak and a green olive branch in its right talons and a yellow scepter in its left talons; on its breast is a shield divided horizontally red over blue with a stylized aurochs head, star, rose, and crescent all in black-outlined yellow; based on the color scheme of the flag of Romania - with which Moldova shares a history and culture - but Moldova's blue band is lighter; the reverse of the flag does not display any coat of arms
note: one of only three national flags that differ on their obverse and reverse sides - the others are Paraguay and Saudi Arabia
National symbol(s)aurochs (a type of wild cattle); national colors: blue, yellow, red
National anthemname: "Limba noastra" (Our Language)
lyrics/music: Alexei MATEEVICI/Alexandru CRISTEA

note: adopted 1994