unbekannter Gast

Moldova: People & Society#

Population3,510,485 (July 2016 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Moldovan(s)
adjective: Moldovan
Ethnic groupsMoldovan 75.8%, Ukrainian 8.4%, Russian 5.9%, Gagauz 4.4%, Romanian 2.2%, Bulgarian 1.9%, other 1%, unspecified 0.4% (2004 est.)
note: internal disputes with ethnic Slavs in the Transnistrian region
LanguagesMoldovan 58.8% (official; virtually the same as the Romanian language), Romanian 16.4%, Russian 16%, Ukrainian 3.8%, Gagauz 3.1% (a Turkish language), Bulgarian 1.1%, other 0.3%, unspecified 0.4% (2004 est.)
note: represents language usually spoken
ReligionsOrthodox 93.3%, Baptist 1%, other Christian 1.2%, other 0.9%, atheist 0.4%, none 1%, unspecified 2.2% (2004 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 18.03% (male 326,244/female 306,543)
15-24 years: 12.87% (male 233,694/female 218,189)
25-54 years: 43.55% (male 768,933/female 760,002)
55-64 years: 13.36% (male 214,852/female 254,224)
65 years and over: 12.19% (male 165,811/female 261,993) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 34.6%
youth dependency ratio: 21.2%
elderly dependency ratio: 13.4%
potential support ratio: 7.5% (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 36.3 years
male: 34.5 years
female: 38.3 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate-1.04% (2016 est.)
Birth rate11.8 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate12.6 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate-9.5 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Population distributionpockets of agglomeration exist throughout the country, the largest being in the center of the country around the capital of Chisinau, followed by Tiraspol and Balti
Urbanizationurban population: 45% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: -0.73% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major urban areas - populationCHISINAU (capital) 725,000 (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.85 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.62 male(s)/female
total population: 0.95 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth24 (2013 est.)
Maternal mortality rate23 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 12.3 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 14.1 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 10.3 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 70.7 years
male: 66.9 years
female: 74.8 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate1.56 children born/woman (2016 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate67.8% (2005)
Health expenditures10.3% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density2.98 physicians/1,000 population (2013)
Hospital bed density6.2 beds/1,000 population (2012)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 96.9% of population
rural: 81.4% of population
total: 88.4% of population
unimproved:
urban: 3.1% of population
rural: 18.6% of population
total: 11.6% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 87.8% of population
rural: 67.1% of population
total: 76.4% of population
unimproved:
urban: 12.2% of population
rural: 32.9% of population
total: 23.6% of population (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.64% (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS18,000 (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths800 (2015 est.)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate15.7% (2014)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight2.2% (2012)
Education expenditures7.5% of GDP (2014)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.4%
male: 99.7%
female: 99.1% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 12 years
male: 12 years
female: 12 years (2013)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 72,364
percentage: 16% (2009 est.)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 9.8%
male: 9.6%
female: 10.2% (2014 est.)