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Monaco: People & Society#

Population30,581 (July 2016 est.)
note: immigrants make up more than 55% of the total population, according to UN data (2015)
Nationalitynoun: Monegasque(s) or Monacan(s)
adjective: Monegasque or Monacan
Ethnic groupsFrench (official) 47%, Monegasque 16%, Italian 16%, other 21%
LanguagesFrench (official), English, Italian, Monegasque
ReligionsRoman Catholic 90% (official), other 10%
Age structure0-14 years: 11.08% (male 1,744/female 1,644)
15-24 years: 9.13% (male 1,439/female 1,352)
25-54 years: 33.68% (male 5,162/female 5,137)
55-64 years: 14.79% (male 2,253/female 2,270)
65 years and over: 31.33% (male 4,269/female 5,311) (2016 est.)
Median agetotal: 52.4 years
male: 51.1 years
female: 53.7 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate0.18% (2016 est.)
Birth rate6.6 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate9.6 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate4.7 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Population distributionthe most densely populated country in the world; its entire population living on 2 square km
Urbanizationurban population: 100% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 0.79% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major urban areas - populationMONACO (capital) 38,000 (2014)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.04 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.81 male(s)/female
total population: 0.95 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 1.8 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 2.1 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 1.6 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 89.5 years
male: 85.6 years
female: 93.5 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate1.53 children born/woman (2016 est.)
Health expenditures4.3% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density7.17 physicians/1,000 population (2012)
Hospital bed density13.8 beds/1,000 population (2012)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: NA
total: 100% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: NA
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rateNA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDSNA
HIV/AIDS - deathsNA
Education expenditures1% of GDP (2014)