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Montenegro: People & Society#

Population644,578 (July 2016 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Montenegrin(s)
adjective: Montenegrin
Ethnic groupsMontenegrin 45%, Serbian 28.7%, Bosniak 8.7%, Albanian 4.9%, Muslim 3.3%, Roma 1%, Croat 1%, other 2.6%, unspecified 4.9% (2011 est.)
LanguagesSerbian 42.9%, Montenegrin (official) 37%, Bosnian 5.3%, Albanian 5.3%, Serbo-Croat 2%, other 3.5%, unspecified 4% (2011 est.)
ReligionsOrthodox 72.1%, Muslim 19.1%, Catholic 3.4%, atheist 1.2%, other 1.5%, unspecified 2.6% (2011 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 15.13% (male 47,983/female 49,527)
15-24 years: 9.92% (male 29,003/female 34,907)
25-54 years: 46.83% (male 163,055/female 138,792)
55-64 years: 13.37% (male 42,998/female 43,168)
65 years and over: 14.76% (male 38,014/female 57,131) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 47.7%
youth dependency ratio: 27.6%
elderly dependency ratio: 20.2%
potential support ratio: 5% (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 40.2 years
male: 39.3 years
female: 41.3 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate-0.35% (2016 est.)
Birth rate10.2 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate9.6 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Population distributionhighest population density is concentrated in the south, southwest; the extreme eastern border is the least populated area
Urbanizationurban population: 64% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 0.34% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major urban areas - populationPODGORICA (capital) 165,000 (2014)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 0.97 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 0.83 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.17 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.66 male(s)/female
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth26.3 (2010 est.)
Maternal mortality rate7 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate39.4% (2005/06)
Health expenditures6.4% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density2.11 physicians/1,000 population (2013)
Hospital bed density4 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 99.2% of population
total: 99.7% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 0.8% of population
total: 0.3% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 98% of population
rural: 92.2% of population
total: 95.9% of population
unimproved:
urban: 2% of population
rural: 7.8% of population
total: 4.1% of population (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rateNA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDSNA
HIV/AIDS - deathsNA
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: intermediate
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea
vectorborne diseases: Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (2016)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate21.4% (2014)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight1% (2013)
Education expendituresNA
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 98.7%
male: 99.5%
female: 98% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 15 years
male: 15 years
female: 15 years (2010)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 8,520
percentage: 10% (2005 est.)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 41.1%
male: 42.3%
female: 39.7% (2012 est.)