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Netherlands: People & Society#

Population17,016,967 (July 2016 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Dutchman(men), Dutchwoman(women)
adjective: Dutch
Ethnic groupsDutch 78.6%, EU 5.8%, Turkish 2.4%, Indonesian 2.2%, Moroccan 2.2%, Surinamese 2.1%, Bonairian, Saba Islander, Sint Eustatian 0.8%, other 5.9% (2014 est.)
LanguagesDutch (official)
note: Frisian is an official language in Fryslan province; Frisian, Low Saxon, Limburgish, Romani, and Yiddish have protected status under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages; Dutch is the official language of the three special municipalities of the Caribbean Netherlands, while English is a recognized regional language on Sint Eustatius and Saba and Papiamento is a recognized regional language on Bonaire
ReligionsRoman Catholic 28%, Protestant 19% (includes Dutch Reformed 9%, Protestant Church of The Netherlands, 7%, Calvinist 3%), other 11% (includes about 5% Muslim and fewer numbers of Hindu, Buddhist, Jehovah's Witness, and Orthodox), none 42% (2009 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 16.56% (male 1,442,059/female 1,375,479)
15-24 years: 12.11% (male 1,050,889/female 1,010,596)
25-54 years: 39.83% (male 3,400,998/female 3,377,311)
55-64 years: 13.14% (male 1,113,587/female 1,123,165)
65 years and over: 18.35% (male 1,411,830/female 1,711,053) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 53.3%
youth dependency ratio: 25.3%
elderly dependency ratio: 27.9%
potential support ratio: 3.6% (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 42.5 years
male: 41.4 years
female: 43.4 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate0.4% (2016 est.)
Birth rate10.9 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate8.8 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate1.9 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Population distributionan area known as the Randstad, anchored by the cities of Amsterdam, Rotterdam, the Hague, and Utrecht, is the most densely populated region; the north tends to be less dense, though sizeable communities can be found throughout the entire country
Urbanizationurban population: 90.5% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 1.05% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major urban areas - populationAMSTERDAM (capital) 1.091 million; Rotterdam 993,000; The Hague (seat of government) 650,000 (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.82 male(s)/female
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth29.4 (2011 est.)
Maternal mortality rate7 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 3.6 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 3.9 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 3.3 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 81.3 years
male: 79.2 years
female: 83.6 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate1.78 children born/woman (2016 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate69%
note: percent of women aged 18-45 (2008)
Health expenditures10.9% of GDP (2014)
Hospital bed density4.7 beds/1,000 population (2009)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 97.5% of population
rural: 99.9% of population
total: 97.7% of population
unimproved:
urban: 2.5% of population
rural: 0.1% of population
total: 2.3% of population (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rateNA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDSNA
HIV/AIDS - deathsNA
Obesity - adult prevalence rate21.9% (2014)
Education expenditures5.6% of GDP (2013)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 18 years
male: 18 years
female: 18 years (2012)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 10.5%
male: 9.7%
female: 11.3% (2014 est.)