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Norway: People & Society#

Population5,265,158 (July 2016 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Norwegian(s)
adjective: Norwegian
Ethnic groupsNorwegian 94.4% (includes Sami, about 60,000), other European 3.6%, other 2% (2007 est.)
LanguagesBokmal Norwegian (official), Nynorsk Norwegian (official), small Sami- and Finnish-speaking minorities
note: Sami is an official language in nine municipalities
ReligionsChurch of Norway (Evangelical Lutheran - official) 82.1%, other Christian 3.9%, Muslim 2.3%, Roman Catholic 1.8%, other 2.4%, unspecified 7.5% (2011 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 18.02% (male 486,408/female 462,178)
15-24 years: 12.8% (male 345,785/female 327,969)
25-54 years: 40.98% (male 1,112,006/female 1,045,791)
55-64 years: 11.7% (male 311,528/female 304,267)
65 years and over: 16.51% (male 398,203/female 471,023) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 52.2%
youth dependency ratio: 27.3%
elderly dependency ratio: 24.9%
potential support ratio: 4% (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 39.1 years
male: 38.4 years
female: 40 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate1.07% (2016 est.)
Birth rate12.2 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate8.1 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate6.6 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Population distributionmost Norweigans live in the south where the climate is more mild and there is better connectivity to mainland Europe; population clusters are found all along the North Sea coast in the southwest, and Skaggerak in the southeast; the interior areas of the north remain sparsely populated
Urbanizationurban population: 80.5% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 1.35% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major urban areas - populationOSLO (capital) 986,000 (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.84 male(s)/female
total population: 1.02 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth28.5
note: data is calculated based on actual age at first births (2012 est.)
Maternal mortality rate5 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 2.5 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 2.8 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 2.2 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 81.8 years
male: 79.8 years
female: 83.9 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate1.86 children born/woman (2016 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate88.4%
note: percent of women aged 20-44 (2005)
Health expenditures9.7% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density4.28 physicians/1,000 population (2012)
Hospital bed density3.3 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 98% of population
rural: 98.3% of population
total: 98.1% of population
unimproved:
urban: 2% of population
rural: 1.7% of population
total: 1.9% of population (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.15% (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS5,800 (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deathsless than 100 (2014 est.)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate24.8% (2014)
Education expenditures7.4% of GDP (2013)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 18 years
male: 17 years
female: 18 years (2014)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 7.9%
male: 9.1%
female: 6.6% (2014 est.)