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Poland: Culture#

World Heritage#

Nobel Prize Winners (26)#

Here persons are counted for the country they born in or if their affiliation is with this country.
Kurt AlderChemistry1950"for their discovery and development of the diene synthesis"
Friedrich BergiusChemistry1931"in recognition of their contributions to the invention and development of chemical high pressure methods"
Günter BlobelMedicine1999"for the discovery that proteins have intrinsic signals that govern their transport and localization in the cell"
Konrad BlochMedicine1964"for their discoveries concerning the mechanism and regulation of the cholesterol and fatty acid metabolism"
Max BornPhysics1954"for his fundamental research in quantum mechanics, especially for his statistical interpretation of the wavefunction"
Georges CharpakPhysics1992"for his invention and development of particle detectors, in particular the multiwire proportional chamber"
Marie Curie, née SklodowskaChemistry1911"in recognition of her services to the advancement of chemistry by the discovery of the elements radium and polonium, by the isolation of radium and the study of the nature and compounds of this remarkable element"
Gerhard DomagkMedicine1939"for the discovery of the antibacterial effects of prontosil"
Paul EhrlichMedicine1908"in recognition of their work on immunity"
Maria Goeppert MayerPhysics1963"for their discoveries concerning nuclear shell structure"
Günter GrassLiterature1999"whose frolicsome black fables portray the forgotten face of history"
Fritz HaberChemistry1918"for the synthesis of ammonia from its elements"
Albert Abraham MichelsonPhysics1907"for his optical precision instruments and the spectroscopic and metrological investigations carried out with their aid"
Isidor Isaac RabiPhysics1944"for his resonance method for recording the magnetic properties of atomic nuclei"
Tadeus ReichsteinMedicine1950"for their discoveries relating to the hormones of the adrenal cortex, their structure and biological effects"
Wladyslaw Stanislaw ReymontLiterature1924"for his great national epic, The Peasants"
Joseph RotblatPeace1995"for their efforts to diminish the part played by nuclear arms in international politics and, in the longer run, to eliminate such arms"
Reinhard SeltenEconomics1994"for their pioneering analysis of equilibria in the theory of non-cooperative games"
Henryk SienkiewiczLiterature1905"because of his outstanding merits as an epic writer"
Isaac Bashevis SingerLiterature1978"for his impassioned narrative art which, with roots in a Polish-Jewish cultural tradition, brings universal human conditions to life"
Otto SternPhysics1943"for his contribution to the development of the molecular ray method and his discovery of the magnetic moment of the proton"
Wislawa SzymborskaLiterature1996"for poetry that with ironic precision allows the historical and biological context to come to light in fragments of human reality"
Emil Adolf von BehringMedicine1901"for his work on serum therapy, especially its application against diphtheria, by which he has opened a new road in the domain of medical science and thereby placed in the hands of the physician a victorious weapon against illness and deaths"
Klaus von KlitzingPhysics1985"for the discovery of the quantized Hall effect"
Olga TokarczukLiterature20182019 retroactively awarded for 2018
Lech WalesaPeace1983