unbekannter Gast

Portugal: People & Society#

Population10,833,816 (July 2016 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Portuguese (singular and plural)
adjective: Portuguese
Ethnic groupshomogeneous Mediterranean stock; citizens of black African descent who immigrated to mainland during decolonization number less than 100,000; since 1990 East Europeans have entered Portugal
LanguagesPortuguese (official), Mirandese (official, but locally used)
ReligionsRoman Catholic 81%, other Christian 3.3%, other (includes Jewish, Muslim, other) 0.6%, none 6.8%, unspecified 8.3%
note: represents population 15 years of age and older (2011 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 15.5% (male 874,807/female 804,483)
15-24 years: 11.4% (male 655,234/female 579,669)
25-54 years: 41.88% (male 2,300,872/female 2,236,077)
55-64 years: 12.07% (male 610,886/female 697,287)
65 years and over: 19.15% (male 849,506/female 1,224,995) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 53.5%
youth dependency ratio: 21.6%
elderly dependency ratio: 31.9%
potential support ratio: 3.1% (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 41.8 years
male: 39.8 years
female: 44 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate0.07% (2016 est.)
Birth rate9.1 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate11.1 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate2.6 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Population distributionconcentrations are primarily along or near the Atlantic coast; both Lisbon and the second largest city, Porto, are coastal cities
Urbanizationurban population: 63.5% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 0.97% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major urban areas - populationLISBON (capital) 2.884 million; Porto 1.299 million (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.07 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.09 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.13 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.88 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.69 male(s)/female
total population: 0.96 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth29.5 (2012 est.)
Maternal mortality rate10 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 4.4 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 4.8 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 3.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 79.3 years
male: 76.1 years
female: 82.8 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate1.53 children born/woman (2016 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate86.8% (2005/06)
Health expenditures9.5% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density4.1 physicians/1,000 population (2012)
Hospital bed density3.4 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 99.6% of population
rural: 99.8% of population
total: 99.7% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0.4% of population
rural: 0.2% of population
total: 0.3% of population (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rateNA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDSNA
HIV/AIDS - deathsNA
Obesity - adult prevalence rate22.1% (2014)
Education expenditures5.3% of GDP (2013)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 95.7%
male: 97.1%
female: 94.4% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 17 years
male: 17 years
female: 17 years (2014)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 34.8%
male: 34.2%
female: 35.4% (2014 est.)