unbekannter Gast

Serbia: People & Society#

Population7,143,921
note: does not include the population of Kosovo (July 2016 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Serb(s)
adjective: Serbian
Ethnic groupsSerb 83.3%, Hungarian 3.5%, Romany 2.1%, Bosniak 2%, other 5.7%, undeclared or unknown 3.4% (2011 est.)
LanguagesSerbian (official) 88.1%, Hungarian 3.4%, Bosnian 1.9%, Romany 1.4%, other 3.4%, undeclared or unknown 1.8%
note: Serbian, Hungarian, Slovak, Romanian, Croatian, and Rusyn are official in Vojvodina (2011 est.)
ReligionsSerbian Orthodox 84.6%, Catholic 5%, Muslim 3.1%, Protestant 1%, atheist 1.1%, other 0.8%, undeclared or unknown 4.5% (2011 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 14.64% (male 539,189/female 506,727)
15-24 years: 11.34% (male 417,692/female 392,379)
25-54 years: 41.41% (male 1,492,799/female 1,465,270)
55-64 years: 14.58% (male 502,172/female 539,349)
65 years and over: 18.03% (male 530,827/female 757,517) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 50.1%
youth dependency ratio: 24.5%
elderly dependency ratio: 25.6%
potential support ratio: 3.9% (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 42.3 years
male: 40.7 years
female: 44 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate-0.46% (2016 est.)
Birth rate9 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate13.6 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Population distributiona fairly even distribution throughout most of the country, with urban areas attracting larger and denser populations
Urbanizationurban population: 55.6% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: -0.34% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major urban areas - populationBELGRADE (capital) 1.182 million (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.07 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.93 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.7 male(s)/female
total population: 0.95 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth27.8 (2013 est.)
Maternal mortality rate17 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 5.9 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 6.8 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 5 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 75.5 years
male: 72.6 years
female: 78.5 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate1.43 children born/woman (2016 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate60.8% (2010)
Health expenditures10.4% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density2.11 physicians/1,000 population (2009)
Hospital bed density5.4 beds/1,000 population (2009)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 99.4% of population
rural: 98.9% of population
total: 99.2% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0.6% of population
rural: 1.1% of population
total: 0.8% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 98.2% of population
rural: 94.2% of population
total: 96.4% of population
unimproved:
urban: 1.8% of population
rural: 5.8% of population
total: 3.6% of population (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.05% (2013 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS3,000 (2013 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths100 (2013 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: intermediate
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea (2016)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate21.1% (2014)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight1.8% (2014)
Education expenditures4.2% of GDP (2014)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 98.1%
male: 99.1%
female: 97.2% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 14 years
male: 14 years
female: 15 years (2014)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 36,141
percentage: 4% (2005 est.)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 49.4%
male: N/A
female: N/A (2013 est.)