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Slovakia: People & Society#

Population5,445,802 (July 2016 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Slovak(s)
adjective: Slovak
Ethnic groupsSlovak 80.7%, Hungarian 8.5%, Roma 2%, other and unspecified 8.8% (2011 est.)
LanguagesSlovak (official) 78.6%, Hungarian 9.4%, Roma 2.3%, Ruthenian 1%, other or unspecified 8.8% (2011 est.)
ReligionsRoman Catholic 62%, Protestant 8.2%, Greek Catholic 3.8%, other or unspecified 12.5%, none 13.4% (2011 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 15.14% (male 422,797/female 401,718)
15-24 years: 11.32% (male 317,775/female 298,954)
25-54 years: 45.13% (male 1,241,212/female 1,216,596)
55-64 years: 13.52% (male 349,089/female 387,394)
65 years and over: 14.88% (male 312,042/female 498,225) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 40.8%
youth dependency ratio: 21.3%
elderly dependency ratio: 19.5%
potential support ratio: 5.1% (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 40.1 years
male: 38.4 years
female: 41.9 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate0.01% (2016 est.)
Birth rate9.8 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate9.8 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate0.1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Population distributiona fairly even distribution throughout most of the country; slightly larger concentration in the west in proximity to the Czech border
Urbanizationurban population: 53.6% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: -0.31% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major urban areas - populationBRATISLAVA (capital) 401,000 (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.07 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.9 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.62 male(s)/female
total population: 0.94 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth27.4 (2013 est.)
Maternal mortality rate6 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 5.2 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 5.8 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 4.5 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 77.1 years
male: 73.5 years
female: 80.9 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate1.4 children born/woman (2016 est.)
Health expenditures8.1% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density3.32 physicians/1,000 population (2012)
Hospital bed density6 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 99.4% of population
rural: 98.2% of population
total: 98.8% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0.6% of population
rural: 1.8% of population
total: 1.2% of population (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.02% (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDSNA
HIV/AIDS - deathsless than 100 (2014 est.)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate27.4% (2014)
Education expenditures4.1% of GDP (2013)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 15 years
male: 14 years
female: 16 years (2014)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 29.7%
male: 29.5%
female: 30.1% (2014 est.)