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Spain: People & Society#

Population48,563,476 (July 2016 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Spaniard(s)
adjective: Spanish
Ethnic groupscomposite of Mediterranean and Nordic types
LanguagesCastilian Spanish (official nationwide) 74%, Catalan (official in Catalonia, the Balearic Islands, and the Valencian Community (where it is known as Valencian)) 17%, Galician (official in Galicia) 7%, Basque (official in the Basque Country and in the Basque-speaking area of Navarre) 2%, Aranese (official in the northwest corner of Catalonia (Vall d'Aran) along with Catalan; <5,000 speakers)
note: Aragonese, Aranese Asturian, Basque, Calo, Catalan, Galician, and Valencian are recognized as regional languages under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages
ReligionsRoman Catholic 94%, other 6%
Age structure0-14 years: 15.43% (male 3,854,687/female 3,638,288)
15-24 years: 9.56% (male 2,400,188/female 2,243,311)
25-54 years: 45.24% (male 11,200,786/female 10,771,652)
55-64 years: 11.91% (male 2,820,933/female 2,963,050)
65 years and over: 17.85% (male 3,700,832/female 4,969,749) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 50.8%
youth dependency ratio: 22.4%
elderly dependency ratio: 28.3%
potential support ratio: 3.5% (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 42.3 years
male: 41.2 years
female: 43.6 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate0.84% (2016 est.)
Birth rate9.4 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate9.1 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate8 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Population distributionwith the notable exception of Madrid, Sevilla, and Zaragoza, the largest urban agglomerations are found along the Mediterranean and Atlantic coasts; numerous smaller cities are spread throughout the interior reflecting Spain's agrarian heritage; dense settlement is found around the capital of Madrid, as well as the port city of Barcelona
Urbanizationurban population: 79.6% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 0.52% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major urban areas - populationMADRID (capital) 6.199 million; Barcelona 5.258 million; Valencia 810,000 (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.07 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.95 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.74 male(s)/female
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth29.8 (2010 est.)
Maternal mortality rate5 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 3.3 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 3.6 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 2.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 81.7 years
male: 78.7 years
female: 84.9 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate1.49 children born/woman (2016 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate65.7% (2006)
Health expenditures9% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density4.95 physicians/1,000 population (2013)
Hospital bed density3.1 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 99.8% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 99.9% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0.2% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0.1% of population (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.39% (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS148,900 (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths1,200 (2015 est.)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate26.5% (2014)
Education expenditures4.3% of GDP (2013)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 98.1%
male: 98.7%
female: 97.5% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 18 years
male: 17 years
female: 18 years (2014)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 53.2%
male: 53.4%
female: 52.9% (2014 est.)