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Sweden: People & Society#

Population9,880,604 (July 2016 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Swede(s)
adjective: Swedish
Ethnic groupsindigenous population: Swedes with Finnish and Sami minorities; foreign-born or first-generation immigrants: Finns, Yugoslavs, Danes, Norwegians, Greeks, Turks
LanguagesSwedish (official), small Sami- and Finnish-speaking minorities
ReligionsLutheran 87%, other (includes Roman Catholic, Orthodox, Baptist, Muslim, Jewish, and Buddhist) 13%
Age structure0-14 years: 17.28% (male 878,463/female 829,266)
15-24 years: 11.63% (male 591,495/female 557,229)
25-54 years: 39.38% (male 1,976,752/female 1,914,623)
55-64 years: 11.58% (male 574,175/female 570,424)
65 years and over: 20.12% (male 915,861/female 1,072,316) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 59.3%
youth dependency ratio: 27.5%
elderly dependency ratio: 31.8%
potential support ratio: 3.1% (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 41.2 years
male: 40.2 years
female: 42.2 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate0.81% (2016 est.)
Birth rate12 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate9.4 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate5.4 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Population distributionmost Swedes live in the south where there the climate is more mild and there is better connectivity to mainland Europe; population clusters are found all along the Baltic coast in the east; the interior areas of the north remain sparsely populated
Urbanizationurban population: 85.8% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 0.83% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major urban areas - populationSTOCKHOLM (capital) 1.486 million (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.85 male(s)/female
total population: 1 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth28.9 (2010 est.)
Maternal mortality rate4 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 2.6 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 2.9 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 2.3 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 82.1 years
male: 80.2 years
female: 84.1 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate1.88 children born/woman (2016 est.)
Health expenditures11.9% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density3.93 physicians/1,000 population (2011)
Hospital bed density2.7 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 99.3% of population
rural: 99.6% of population
total: 99.3% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0.7% of population
rural: 0.4% of population
total: 0.7% of population (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.18% (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDSNA
HIV/AIDS - deaths100 (2014 est.)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate22% (2014)
Education expenditures7.7% of GDP (2013)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 18 years
male: 17 years
female: 20 years (2014)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 22.9%
male: 24.2%
female: 21.5% (2014 est.)