unbekannter Gast

United Kingdom: People & Society#

Population64,430,428 (July 2016 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Briton(s), British (collective plural)
adjective: British
Ethnic groupswhite 87.2%, black/African/Caribbean/black British 3%, Asian/Asian British: Indian 2.3%, Asian/Asian British: Pakistani 1.9%, mixed 2%, other 3.7% (2011 est.)
LanguagesEnglish
note: the following are recognized regional languages: Scots (about 30% of the population of Scotland), Scottish Gaelic (about 60,000 in Scotland), Welsh (about 20% of the population of Wales), Irish (about 10% of the population of Northern Ireland), Cornish (some 2,000 to 3,000 in Cornwall) (2012 est.)
ReligionsChristian (includes Anglican, Roman Catholic, Presbyterian, Methodist) 59.5%, Muslim 4.4%, Hindu 1.3%, other 2%, unspecified 7.2%, none 25.7% (2011 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 17.44% (male 5,761,311/female 5,476,649)
15-24 years: 12.15% (male 3,997,150/female 3,830,268)
25-54 years: 40.74% (male 13,367,242/female 12,883,674)
55-64 years: 11.77% (male 3,760,020/female 3,820,525)
65 years and over: 17.9% (male 5,170,542/female 6,363,047) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 55.1%
youth dependency ratio: 27.6%
elderly dependency ratio: 27.6%
potential support ratio: 3.6% (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 40.5 years
male: 39.3 years
female: 41.7 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate0.53% (2016 est.)
Birth rate12.1 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate9.4 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate2.5 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Population distributionthe core of the population lies in and around London, with significant clusters found in central Britain around Manchester and Liverpool, in the Scotish lowlands between Endinburgh and Glasgow, southern Wales in and around Cardiff, and far eastern Northern Ireland centered on Belfast
Urbanizationurban population: 82.6% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 0.88% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major urban areas - populationLONDON (capital) 10.313 million; Manchester 2.646 million; Birmingham 2.515 million; Glasgow 1.223 million; Southampton/Portsmouth 882,000; Liverpool 870,000 (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.81 male(s)/female
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth28.1
note: data represent England and Wales only (2012 est.)
Maternal mortality rate9 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 4.3 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 4.7 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 3.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 80.7 years
male: 78.5 years
female: 83 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate1.89 children born/woman (2016 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate84%
note: percent of women aged 16-49 (2008/09)
Health expenditures9.1% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density2.81 physicians/1,000 population (2013)
Hospital bed density2.9 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 99.1% of population
rural: 99.6% of population
total: 99.2% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0.9% of population
rural: 0.4% of population
total: 0.8% of population (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.33% (2013 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS126,700 (2013 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deathsfewer than 600 (2013 est.)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate29.8% (2014)
Education expenditures5.8% of GDP (2014)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 18 years
male: 17 years
female: 18 years (2014)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 16.9%
male: 18.9%
female: 14.8% (2014 est.)