unbekannter Gast

Aruba: People & Society#

Population113,648 (July 2016 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Aruban(s)
adjective: Aruban; Dutch
Ethnic groupsDutch 82.1%, Colombian 6.6%, Venezuelan 2.2%, Dominican 2.2%, Haitian 1.2%, other 5.5%, unspecified 0.1% (2010 est.)
LanguagesPapiamento (official) (a creole language that is a mixture of Portuguese, Spanish, Dutch, English, and, to a lesser extent, French, as well as elements of African languages and the language of the Arawak) 69.4%, Spanish 13.7%, English (widely spoken) 7.1%, Dutch (official) 6.1%, Chinese 1.5%, other 1.7%, unspecified 0.4% (2010 est.)
ReligionsRoman Catholic 75.3%, Protestant 4.9% (includes Methodist 0.9%, Adventist 0.9%, Anglican 0.4%, other Protestant 2.7%), Jehovah's Witness 1.7%, other 12%, none 5.5%, unspecified 0.5% (2010 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 17.66% (male 10,068/female 9,999)
15-24 years: 13.03% (male 7,441/female 7,366)
25-54 years: 42.16% (male 23,068/female 24,847)
55-64 years: 14.01% (male 7,398/female 8,525)
65 years and over: 13.14% (male 5,853/female 9,083) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 44%
youth dependency ratio: 26.4%
elderly dependency ratio: 17.6%
potential support ratio: 5.7% (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 39.1 years
male: 37.3 years
female: 40.9 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate1.3% (2016 est.)
Birth rate12.5 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate8.3 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate8.8 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Population distributionmost residents live in or around Oranjestad and San Nicolaas; most settlments tend to be located on the less mountainous western side of the island
Urbanizationurban population: 41.5% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: -0.28% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major urban areas - populationORANJESTAD (capital) 29,000 (2014)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.02 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.93 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.87 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.64 male(s)/female
total population: 0.9 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 11 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 14.5 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 7.5 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 76.8 years
male: 73.7 years
female: 79.9 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate1.84 children born/woman (2016 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 98.1% of population
rural: 98.1% of population
total: 98.1% of population
unimproved:
urban: 1.9% of population
rural: 1.9% of population
total: 1.9% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 97.7% of population
rural: 97.7% of population
total: 97.7% of population
unimproved:
urban: 2.3% of population
rural: 2.3% of population
total: 2.3% of population (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rateNA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDSNA
HIV/AIDS - deathsNA
Major infectious diseases
note: active local transmission of Zika virus by Aedes species mosquitoes has been identified in this country (as of August 2016); it poses an important risk (a large number of cases possible) among US citizens if bitten by an infective mosquito; other less common ways to get Zika are through sex, via blood transfusion, or during pregnancy, in which the pregnant woman passes Zika virus to her fetus (2016)
Education expenditures6.1% of GDP (2014)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 97.5%
male: 97.5%
female: 97.5% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 14 years
male: 13 years
female: 14 years (2012)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 28.9%
male: 29.9%
female: 27.5% (2010 est.)