unbekannter Gast

Bermuda: Economy#

Tourism accounts for about 5% of Bermuda's GDP, but a much larger share of employment. Over 80% of its visitors come from the US. The sector struggled in the wake of the global recession of 2008-09. International business, which consists primarily of reinsurance and other financial services, is the real bedrock of Bermuda's economy, consistently accounting for about 85% of the island's GDP. Even this sector, however, has lost roughly 5,000 high-paying expatriate jobs since 2008, weighing heavily on household consumption and retail sales. Bermuda must import almost everything. Agriculture and industry are limited due to the small size of the island.

Bermuda's economy entered its seventh straight year of recession in 2015. Unemployment is 9%, public debt is growing and exceeds $2.3 billion, the government pension fund faces a $2.4 billion shortfall, and the economy has not attracted significant amounts of new foreign investment. Bermuda's FY 2015-16 budget projects a 12% larger deficit than FY14/15. The government announced it would borrow $125 million in 2015 to meet current operating expenses. Still, Bermuda enjoys the fourth highest per capita income in the world, about 70% higher than that of the US.

Economic Facts#

GDP (purchasing power parity)$5.198 billion (2013 est.)
$5.331 billion (2012 est.)
$5.6 billion (2011 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate)$5.198 billion (2013 est.)
GDP - real growth rate-2.5% (2013 est.)
-4.8% (2012)
-3.5% (2011 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP)$85,700 (2013 est.)
$85,400 (2012 est.)
$86,000 (2011 est.)
GDP - composition, by end usehousehold consumption: 53.4%
government consumption: 15.3%
investment in fixed capital: 10.9%
investment in inventories: -0.1%
exports of goods and services: 41.8%
imports of goods and services: -21.3% (2016 est.)
GDP - composition, by sector of originagriculture: 0.7%
industry: 5.8%
services: 93.4% (2016 est.)
Agriculture - productsbananas, vegetables, citrus, flowers; dairy products, honey
Industriesinternational business, tourism, light manufacturing
Industrial production growth rate2% (2016 est.)
Labor force33,490 (2014 est.)
Labor force - by occupationagriculture: 2%
industry: 15%
services: 83% (2013 est.)
Unemployment rate9% (2014 est.)
7% (2013)
Population below poverty line11% (2008 est.)
Household income or consumption by percentage sharelowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Budgetrevenues: $960.1 million
expenditures: $1.154 billion (2016 est.)
Taxes and other revenues18.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)-3.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
Public debt43% of GDP (FY14/15)
Fiscal year1 April - 31 March
Inflation rate (consumer prices)1.2% (2016 est.)
1.4% (2015 est.)
Stock of narrow money$3.374 billion (30 September 2014 est.)
$3.422 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
note: figures do not include US dollars, which also circulate freely
Stock of broad money$22.1 billion (30 September 2014 est.)
$25.1 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
Stock of domestic credit$NA
$NA
Market value of publicly traded shares$1.85 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
$1.601 billion (31 December 2014 est.)
$1.467 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
Exports$19 million (2016 est.)
$19 million (2015 est.)
Exports - commoditiesreexports of pharmaceuticals
Exports - partnersUS 14.4%, Iceland 13.7%, Spain 6.8%, UK 5.8%, Mauritius 5.6% (2015)
Imports$887.3 million (2016 est.)
$934 million (2015 est.)
Imports - commoditiesclothing, fuels, machinery and transport equipment, construction materials, chemicals, food and live animals
Imports - partnersSouth Korea 49.5%, US 14.6%, Germany 11.4%, China 9%, Turkmenistan 5.2% (2015)
Debt - external$2.435 billion (2015 est.)
$1.4 billion (2012 est.)
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home$2.641 billion (2014 est.)
$2.664 billion (2013 est.)
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad$889 million (2014 est.)
$NA (2013 est.)
Exchange ratesBermudian dollars (BMD) per US dollar -
1 (2016 est.)
1 (2015 est.)
1 (2014 est.)
1 (2013 est.)
1 (2012 est.)