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Macau: People & Society#

Population597,425
note: Macau's statistical agency estimated the total population to be approximately 646,800 as of 31 December 2015 (July 2016 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Chinese
adjective: Chinese
Ethnic groupsChinese 92.4%, Portuguese 0.6%, mixed 1.1%, other 5.9% (includes Macanese - mixed Portuguese and Asian ancestry) (2011 est.)
LanguagesCantonese 83.3%, Mandarin 5%, Hokkien 3.7%, English 2.3%, other Chinese dialects 2%, Tagalog 1.7%, Portuguese 0.7%, other 1.3%
note: Chinese and Portuguese are official languages (2011 est.)
ReligionsBuddhist 50%, Roman Catholic 15%, none or other 35% (1997 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 14.22% (male 44,295/female 40,679)
15-24 years: 12.36% (male 38,772/female 35,052)
25-54 years: 50.41% (male 134,113/female 167,022)
55-64 years: 12.97% (male 39,020/female 38,486)
65 years and over: 10.04% (male 28,048/female 31,938) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 28.2%
youth dependency ratio: 16.7%
elderly dependency ratio: 11.5%
potential support ratio: 8.7% (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 38.7 years
male: 39.1 years
female: 38.5 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate0.77% (2016 est.)
Birth rate8.8 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate4.4 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate3.4 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 100% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 1.78% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.09 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.11 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.8 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.88 male(s)/female
total population: 0.91 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 3.1 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 3.3 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 2.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 84.5 years
male: 81.6 years
female: 87.6 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate0.94 children born/woman (2016 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rateNA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDSNA
HIV/AIDS - deathsNA
Education expenditures2% of GDP (2014)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 96.2%
male: 98%
female: 94.6% (2015 est.)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 5.3%
male: 5.9%
female: 4.5% (2014 est.)