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New Caledonia: People & Society#

Population275,355 (July 2016 est.)
Nationalitynoun: New Caledonian(s)
adjective: New Caledonian
Ethnic groupsKanak 40.3%, European 29.2%, Wallisian, Futunian 8.7%, Tahitian 2%, Indonesian 1.6%, Vietnamese 1%, Ni-Vanuatu 0.9%, other 16.2% (2009 est.)
LanguagesFrench (official), 33 Melanesian-Polynesian dialects
ReligionsRoman Catholic 60%, Protestant 30%, other 10%
Age structure0-14 years: 22.78% (male 32,057/female 30,681)
15-24 years: 16.7% (male 23,496/female 22,500)
25-54 years: 43.26% (male 59,986/female 59,127)
55-64 years: 8.29% (male 11,085/female 11,739)
65 years and over: 8.96% (male 10,979/female 13,705) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 47.9%
youth dependency ratio: 32.9%
elderly dependency ratio: 15%
potential support ratio: 6.6% (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 31.7 years
male: 31 years
female: 32.4 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate1.35% (2016 est.)
Birth rate15.2 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate5.6 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate4 migrant(s)/1,000 population
note: there has been steady emigration from Wallis and Futuna to New Caledonia (2016 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 70.2% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 2.17% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major urban areas - populationNOUMEA (capital) 181,000 (2014)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.94 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.8 male(s)/female
total population: 1 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 5.3 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 6.2 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 4.3 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 77.7 years
male: 73.7 years
female: 81.9 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate1.95 children born/woman (2016 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 98.5% of population
rural: 98.5% of population
total: 98.5% of population
unimproved:
urban: 1.5% of population
rural: 1.5% of population
total: 1.5% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rateNA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDSNA
HIV/AIDS - deathsNA
Major infectious diseases
note: active local transmission of Zika virus by Aedes species mosquitoes has been identified in this country (as of August 2016); it poses an important risk (a large number of cases possible) among US citizens if bitten by an infective mosquito; other less common ways to get Zika are through sex, via blood transfusion, or during pregnancy, in which the pregnant woman passes Zika virus to her fetus (2016)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 96.9%
male: 97.3%
female: 96.5% (2015 est.)