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Taiwan: People & Society#

Population23,464,787 (July 2016 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Taiwan (singular and plural)
adjective: Taiwan (or Taiwanese)

note: example - he or she is from Taiwan; they are from Taiwan
Ethnic groupsTaiwanese (including Hakka) 84%, mainland Chinese 14%, indigenous 2%
LanguagesMandarin Chinese (official), Taiwanese (Min), Hakka dialects
Religionsmixture of Buddhist and Taoist 93%, Christian 4.5%, other 2.5%
Age structure0-14 years: 13.13% (male 1,588,679/female 1,493,419)
15-24 years: 13.17% (male 1,585,222/female 1,505,004)
25-54 years: 46.74% (male 5,477,446/female 5,490,829)
55-64 years: 13.89% (male 1,593,024/female 1,665,354)
65 years and over: 13.07% (male 1,408,367/female 1,657,443) (2016 est.)
Median agetotal: 40.2 years
male: 39.5 years
female: 40.9 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate0.2% (2016 est.)
Birth rate8.4 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate7.3 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate0.9 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Major urban areas - populationTAIPEI (capital) 2.666 million; Kaohsiung 1.523 million; Taichung 1.225 million; Tainan 815,000 (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.07 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.96 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.86 male(s)/female
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 4.4 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 4.8 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 4 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 80.1 years
male: 77 years
female: 83.5 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate1.12 children born/woman (2016 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rateNA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDSNA
HIV/AIDS - deathsNA
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 98.5%
male: 99.7%
female: 97.3% (2014 est.)