Turks and Caicos Islands: Government#

Country nameconventional long form: none
conventional short form: Turks and Caicos Islands
abbreviation: TCI
CapitalGrand Turk (Cockburn Town) Grand Turk (Cockburn Town)
geographic coordinates: 21 28 N, 71 08 W
time difference: UTC-5 (same time as Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins second Sunday in March; ends first Sunday in November
Dependency statusoverseas territory of the UK
Administrative divisionsnone (overseas territory of the UK)
Constitutionseveral previous; latest signed 7 August 2012, effective 15 October 2012 (Turks and Caicos Constitution Order 2011) (2012)
Executive branchchief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor Peter BECKINGHAM (since 9 October 2013)
head of government: Premier Rufus EWING (since 13 November 2012)
cabinet: Cabinet consists of the governor, deputy governor, the premier, no more than six other ministers appointed by the governor from among the members of the House of Assembly, and the attorney general
elections: the monarch is hereditary; governor appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party is appointed premier by the governor
note: the UK foreign minister has determined that sufficient progress has been made to reinstate local government under a new constitution, effective in October 2012
Flag descriptionblue, with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant and the colonial shield centered on the outer half of the flag; the shield is yellow and displays a conch shell, a spiny lobster, and Turks Head cactus - three common elements of the islands' biota
Independencenone (overseas territory of the UK)
Judicial branchhighest court(s): Supreme Court (consists of the chief justice and such number of other judges as determined by the governor); Court of Appeal (consists of the court president and 2 justices)
note - appeals beyond the Supreme Court are heard by the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council, in London
judge selection and term of office: Supreme Court and Appeals Court judges appointed by the governor in accordance with the Judicial Service Commission, a 3-member body of high level judicial officials; Supreme Court judges appointed until mandatory retirement at age 65, but can be extended to age 70; Appeals Court judge tenure determined by individual terms of appointment
subordinate courts: magistrates' courts
Legal systemmixed legal system of English common law and civil law
Legislative branchunicameral House of Assembly consisting of 19 seats, 15 elected and 4 appointed by the governor; of elected members, five are elected at large and 10 from single member districts for four-year terms
elections: last held on 9 November 2012 (next to be held in 2016)
election results: percent of vote - NA; seats by party - PNP 8, PDM 7
International organization participationCaricom (associate), CDB, Interpol (subbureau), UPU
National holidayConstitution Day, 30 August (1976)
Political pressure groups and leadersNA
Political parties and leadersPeople's Democratic Movement or PDM (Oswald SKIPPINGS)
People's Progressive Party (NA)
Progressive National Party or PNP (Rufus EWING)
Suffrage18 years of age; universal
Government typeNA
Diplomatic representation in the USnone (overseas territory of the UK)
National anthemname: "This Land of Ours"
lyrics/music: Conrad HOWELL
note: serves as a local anthem; as a territory of the United Kingdom, "God Save the Queen" is the official anthem (see United Kingdom)
Diplomatic representation from the USnone (overseas territory of the UK)