Europe's online encyclopaediasEqual access to knowledge of general interest?

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Metadata and description

Title
Europe's online encyclopaedias
Subtitle
Equal access to knowledge of general interest?
Author
Naja Bentzen
Editor
EPRS | European Parliamentary Research Service
Date
2018
Language
English
ISBN
978-92-846-2546-8
Size
21.0 x 29.7 cm
Pages
40
Categories
Tagungsbände
International

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Table of contents

  1. 1. Introduction:Knowledge–a cornerstone of democracy 4
  2. 1.1. Cognitive resilience in an era of 'junk news' and disinformation 4
  3. 1.1.1. Increasing need for reliable resources amid growing mistrust 4
  4. 1.1.2. The role of social media as vehicles for spreading false information 6
  5. 1.1.3. The need for accessible, reliable information in citizens' mother tongue 6
  6. 1.1.4. Mother-tongue languages spoken in Europe 7
  7. 1.1.5. The impact of online presence on the survival of European languages 7
  8. 1.2. The power of knowledge intermediators 8
  9. 1.2.1. Google: a reliable tool for citizen fact-checkers? 9
  10. 1.2.2. Despite changed algorithms, Google's selection methods still raise questions 9
  11. 1.2.3. A conspiracy theory case study: The Protocols of the Elders of Zion 10
  12. 2. The roots and roles of European encyclopaedias 10
  13. 2.1.1. Encyclopaedias as a cultural commodity 11
  14. 2.1.2. Online encyclopaedias in an era of hybrid warfare: a 'territory of truth'? 12
  15. 3. Wikipedia 12
  16. 3.1. The free encyclopaedia that anyone can edit 12
  17. 3.1.1. Ownership 14
  18. 3.1.2. Fundamental principles 14
  19. 3.1.3. Wikipedia's reliability 14
  20. 3.1.4. Vandalism onWikipedia 15
  21. 3.1.5. Wikipedia's current crisis– is the concept of knowledge endangered? 15
  22. 3.2. Wikipedia as an information battlefield 15
  23. 3.2.1. The crisis in Ukraine and MH17 15
  24. 3.2.2. Turkey's Wikipedia ban 16
  25. 3.2.3. China to rival Wikipedia with a 'Great Wall of culture' 16
  26. 3.2.4. Russia's alternative to Wikipedia to portray Russia 'objectively and accurately' 16
  27. 4.The 'alternative' right-wing extremist encyclopaedia 17
  28. 5. European online encyclopaedias 17
  29. 6. European encyclopaedias: an untapped potential? 19
  30. 7. Annex: EU Member States' online encyclopaedias 21
  31. 7.1. Belgium 21
  32. 7.2. Bulgaria 21
  33. 7.3. Czech Republic 21
  34. 7.4. Denmark 22
  35. 7.5. Germany 22
  36. 7.6. Estonia 22
  37. 7.7. Ireland 23
  38. 7.8. Greece 23
  39. 7.9. Spain 24
  40. 7.10. France 24
  41. 7.11. Croatia 25
  42. 7.12. Italy 25
  43. 7.13. Cyprus 26
  44. 7.14. Latvia 26
  45. 7.15. Lithuania 27
  46. 7.16. Luxembourg 27
  47. 7.17. Hungary 27
  48. 7.18. Malta 28
  49. 7.19. The Netherlands 28
  50. 7.20. Austria 28
  51. 7.21. Poland 29
  52. 7.22. Portugal 29
  53. 7.23. Romania 29
  54. 7.24. Slovenia 30
  55. 7.25. Slovakia 30
  56. 7.26. Finland 30
  57. 7.27. Sweden 30
  58. 7.28. United Kingdom 31
  59. 8. Online encyclopaedias in other languages spoken in Europe 31
  60. 8.1. Albania 31
  61. 8.2. Belarus 31
  62. 8.3. Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia 32
  63. 8.4. Norway 32
  64. 8.5. Russia 33
  65. 8.6. Serbia/Montenegro/Bosnia 34
  66. 8.7. Switzerland 34
  67. 8.8. Turkey 34
  68. 8.9. Ukraine 35