Austro-Slavism, political orientation of the Slavs (esp. Czechs) in the 2nd half of the 19th century. Its goal was to transform the Austro-Hungarian monarchy into a three-part state (with the southern Slavic regions as the third part). Its main representatives were F. Palacky and F. L. Rieger. Around 1890 the political ideas of the radical Young Czechs replaced Austro-Slavism.
Further reading#H. and S. Lehmann (eds.), Das Nationalitaetenproblem in Oesterreich 1848-1918, 1973.