unbekannter Gast


Brigittenau, since 1900 the 20th district of Vienna, area 5.67 km2, pop. 71,876 (1991); from 1850 to 1900 part of the 2nd district; various parts of the district used to be named "Schottenau", "Wolfsau", "Taborau" and "Zwischenbruecken", today¢ s name derives from the Brigitta chapel (built from 1645 to 1651 after the Swedes had been fended off during the Thirty-Years' War); a settlement called Zwischenbruecken was situated around the chapel. Before the River Danube was regulated (1869-75) the area was for the most part a wetland area with a pheasantry; Emperor Joseph II made the area accessible to the public under the name of Augarten; rapidly settled from the south after 1840; then an industrial area, it is now mainly a residential area. Until 1847 the Brigitta fair, described in the novella "Der arme Spielmann" by F. Grillparzer, enjoyed great popularity. Brigitta church (1867-1873) by F. v. Schmidt; Divine Redeemer church (1982/83). Large council housing estates: Winarsky-Hof (1924) and Otto-Haas-Hof (1925), Janecek-Hof (1925-1926), Beer-Hof (1926), Friedrich Engels-Hof (1930-1933), municipal housing estates mainly from the 1960s and the 1970s on either side of Adalbert-Stifter-Strasse street, residential building Dresdner Strasse (1980), housing projects: Hartlgasse (1989) etc. The Millenniums-Tower (height 202 m, built in 1999) is the highest building in Austria. Technological Grammar School (1980), general accident insurance headquarters (1972-1977), Lorenz-Boehler accident hospital, adult education centre, district museum, traffic facilities; goods railway station, formerly the Northwestern Railway station, goods railway station, Nordbruecke Danube Bridge, Floridsdorf bridge, Northern Railway bridge, Brigittenau bridge, U6 underground railway line built in 1996.


F. Czeike, Brigittenau, Wr. Bezirkskulturfuehrer, 1981; idem, Historisches Lexikon Wien, 5 vols., 1992-1997.