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Dobrizhoffer, Martin#

Dobrizhoffer, Martin, b. Frymburk, Czech Republic (then Friedberg), Sept. 7, 1717, d. Vienna, July 17, 1791. Anthropologist, Jesuit, pioneer in the field of South American anthropology; 1748-1767 travelled to Paraguay; from 1773 Court Chaplain in Vienna. D.'s Latin work "Historia de Abiponibus equestris bellicosaque Paraguariae nationae" (3 vols., 1784) was translated into German and English. D. also wrote dictionaries and linguistic treatises on South American Indian dialects.