Ebensee, Upper Austria, market town in the district of Gmunden, alt. 426 m, pop. 8,734, area 194.48 km2, lakeside and winter resort (72,091 overnight stays) in the Salzkammergut region, where the river Traun enters Lake Traunsee. - Landing stage (Traunsee Shipping Company), forestry technology enterprise of the Oesterreichische Bundesforste AG (Austrian Federal Forests), weather station of the Austrian Federal Army, district health and social insurance offices, workers´ hostel, Salzkammergut Vocational Training Institute, Catholic youth centre, autonomous cultural centre, Feuerkogel mountain cable-car (est. 1927, alt. 1,592 m, ski slopes) and weather station, vocational training school for fashion and clothing (Hoehere gewerbliche Lehranstalt fuer Mode und Bekleidungstechnik), public and private commercial school (Fachschule fuer wirtschaftliche Berufe), trade and industry (production of soda and building materials, cement works, wood processing), saltworks of the Oesterreichische Salinen AG (brine pipeline from Hallstatt and Altaussee); personal, social and public services, production of hiking boots, Rindbach shipyard. Crib carving, traditional customs (for example "Gloecklerlaufen" on January 5, carnival customs such as "Fetzenzug Fasching" or "Rag Carnival"). - Parish church of St. Josef with a Baroque choir (1727-1729 by M. Prunner) and Baroque interior (1730-1770), which was extended in 1911, frescoes by Karl Reisenbichler (1932/33); the history of salt mining has been documented by the museum of local history, in mining tunnel, memorial to concentration camp victims who were forced to work the mines; Resistance museum. - Vorderer Langbathsee and Hinterer Langbathsee Lakes in the vicinity, Lake Offensee (national park) and Gassl-Tropfsteinhoehle, a stalactite cave northeast of E.
Literature#I. M. Fuerlinger, Die wirtschaftliche Entwicklung und Struktur der Marktgemeinde Ebensee, master´s thesis, Vienna 1983; F. Loidl, Heimatbuch Ebensee, Oberoesterreich, 1972.