Gumpoldskirchen, Lower Austria, market town in the district of Moedling, alt. 250 m, pop. 2,982, area 8.11 km2, wine-growing town at the foot of the Anninger mountain (674 m) on the edge of the Vienna Basin; 1938-1945 part of "Greater Vienna". - Federal Winery Inspectorate (external office), control station of the 1st springwater pipeline to Vienna, sports centre, College of Viticulture (since 1898); approx. 64 % of the working population employed (1991) in the production sector: leather factory, production of preserved fruit and vegetables, chemical industry, machine and apparatus construction, lime and stone-crushing works; wine-growing and wine taverns, tourism (29,303 overnight stays). First documented 1120-1130,by the Middle Ages already an important wine-growing and wine trade town; today 200 wine-growers with an annual production of about 17,000 hectolitres, typical wines are the "Zierfandler", "Rotgipfler" and "Spaet-Rotgipfler". - Parish church, former church of the Teutonic Order (1st half of the 15th century), with massive tower and former commandery house (late Baroque palace), surrounded by the remains of a fortified wall; Renaissance town hall (16th century) with prominent corner tower and arcades; typical winegrowers´ houses (6th -18th centuries), some with Biedermeier façades; pillory (1563).
Literature#J. Hagenauer, 850 Jahre Gumpoldskirchen, 1990; K. Neumaier, Heimatbuch von Gumpoldskirchen, 1948.